William Stanley Ayres
Department of Anthropology
University Of Oregon
Eugene, Oregon 97403
Web site: http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~wsayres/index.html
Home: 3980 Dillard Road
Eugene, Oregon 97405
Ph.D. Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1973
Dissertation: "The Cultural Context of Easter Island Religious Structures"
B.A. University of Wyoming, 1966
Areas of Interest
Archaeology: Theory, settlement-subsistence studies, chiefdom development, provenance studies, historic sites and cultural conservation, computer graphics; areal focus: Oceania (especially Polynesia, Micronesia), SE Asia, Thailand.
Linguistics: Classification and relationships of Oceanic and Southeast Asian languages; linguistic data on migration.
Cultural Anthropology: Ethnographic settlement patterns, fishing cultures, ethno-archaeology; the ethnology of Oceania and SE Asia.
1998 Historic Preservation Mapping Training Project, Pohnpei, Micronesia (with S. Fitzpatrick and C. Descantes). September 1998.
1997 Historic Preservation Training Project, Palau, Micronesia (with S. Fitzpatrick and C. Descantes).
1994-95 Summers, Research and documentary film production on Pohnpei, Micronesia; Odyssey Productions, Portland, and Discovery Channel, NY.
1992 Easter Island, Tongariki Restoration Project.
1987-89 Pohnpei, Micronesia, June-July.
1988 Thailand, museum and site visits.
1985-86 American Samoa, summers.
1985 Pattani, South Thailand, January-July.
1984 Pohnpei, Nan Madol Archaeology, April-July.
1977-80 Archaeological Field Research on Ponape, Micronesia, during summers.
1973 NSF funded research on Easter Island, January-September.
1970-71 Field research in Hawaii as archaeologist at the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.
1968 Archaeologist and supervisor of reconstruction for the Easter Island Committee (Chile) and the International Fund for Monuments Archaeological Program on Easter Island, East Polynesia, February-August.
1988- Professor of Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon.
1988 Visiting Professor, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, Jan-Mar., Institute for Southeast Asian Studies.
1982-88 Associate Professor of Anthropology, Department of Anthropology University of Oregon.
1976-82 Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon.
1973-76 Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of South Carolina, Columbia. Instructor, 1971-73.
Introductory Anthropology and Archaeology
Old World Prehistory
Prehistory of Oceania
Pacific Islands Studies
Prehistory of SE Asia
Prehistory of East Asia
Scientific Aids in Archaeology
Cultural Resource Management
Ethnology of Oceania
Archaeology Method and Theory
1996- Head, Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon
1987-97 Director, Pacific Islands Studies Program, University of Oregon
1988-94 Associate Director, Center for Asian and Pacific Studies, University of Oregon
1986-94 Chair, Asian Studies Program, University of Oregon
1977-89 Grant Administration. Ponape Archaeological Survey
1974-75 Anthropology Program Coordinator (Acting Chairman)
1970-71 Archaeologist at the B. P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, March 1970-January 1971.
1968 Archaeologist and Supervisor of Reconstruction for the Easter Island Committee of the Republic of Chile and the International Fund for Monuments Archaeological Program on Easter Island.
Selected Research/Consulting Reports
1998 The Nan Madol Archaeological and Historic Preservation Project: Research at Pahndipap and Peikapw (1995). Submitted to Historic Preservation Office, Federated States of Micronesia and Pohnpei State. 63 pp.
1998 Historic Preservation Field Archaeology Training/Mapping Project: A Report on the 1997 Project, Palau, Micronesia. Feb. 1998. Submitted to Bishop Museum/Sasakawa Foundaton.
1997 Second-Year Performance Report on a Project for Pacific Islands Studies Program Development (Grant 84.016), Prepared for the Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program, U.S. Dept. of Education, 1997.
1997 "Report on USDE Title VI Program Directors' Meeting, March 1997." Office of International Education, Washington, D.C. Submitted to the UO Office of International Affairs.
1993 An Archaeological Heritage Preservation and Restoration Project for Rapa Nui. Report on the UNESCO-Japan Funds in Trust Mission to Rapa Nui (Easter Island), August 1993. Submitted to UNESCO, Paris.
1993 Interdisciplinary Pacific Islands Studies Program at the University of Oregon. Report submitted to the U.S. Department of Education, August 1993.
1992 Nan Madol Archaeology. Final Report, 1987-90. Submitted to National Endowment for the Humanities, April 1992.
1990 "Salapwuk Archaeology: 1989 Survey of Historic and Cultural Resources of Pohnpei State." Submitted to the Micronesian Resources Survey, March 1990. 163 pp. (with R. Mauricio).
1990 "Report on Geochemical Sourcing of Archaeological Materials, Nan Madol Project, Pohnpei, Micronesia." Report submitted to the American Anthropological Association-Wray Foundation for grant support for interdisciplinary research, 35 pp.
1989 "Nan Madol Archaeology: 1988 Interim Report." Submitted to the National Endowment for the Humanities, Washington, D.C.
1987 "Tutuila Archaeological Survey: 1985." Submitted to the Historic Preservation Office, American Samoa (with David Eisler).
1998 "Definition, Ownership and Conservation of Indigenous Landscapes at Salapwuk, Pohnpei, Micronesia." In The Archaeology and Anthropology of the Landscape: Shaping your landscape, P. Ucko and R. Layton, eds., Proceedings, World Archaeological Congress-3. London: Routledge. (in press for 98) (with Rufino Mauricio)
---- Easter Island Obsidian Artifacts: Typology and Use-wear. To appear in Easter Island Archaeology: Research on Early Rapanui Culture, C. Stevenson, W. Ayres and F. Beardsley, eds. Los Osos: Easter Island Foundation. (with Robert Spear).
---- Pacific Islands Program Enhancement at the University of Oregon. Bulletin 3, Center for Asian and Pacific Studies, University of Oregon, 1996. (volume co-editor)
---- Easter Island Archaeological Studies. Co-editor and author of 3 papers. Houston: Easter Island Foundation. In preparation.
1998 Review of Rapanui: Tradition and Survival on Easter Island, by Grant McCall, for American Ethnologist. in press.
1998 Archaeological Investigations of Stone Adzes and Quarries on Easter Island, In Easter Island in Pacific Context: South Seas Symposium, pp., 304-311. Los Osos: Easter Island Foundation. Ayres, William S., Scott M. Fitzpatrick, Joan A. Wozniak, and Gordon Goles.
1998 Lithic Resources and Uses of Stone in Oceania. In Easter Island in Pacific Context: South Seas Symposium pp., 277-278. Los Osos: Easter Island Foundation. Ayres, William S. [symposium introduction].
1998 Review of Easter Island by Jo Anne Van Tilburg and Easter Island Archaeology at Anakena by A. Skjolsvold, for Journal of the Polynesian Society 107(2):210-212.
1997 Geochemical Provenance Study of Lithic Materials in Micronesia. In Prehistoric Long-Distance Interaction in Oceania, ed. by M. Weisler, New Zealand Archaeological Association Monograph 21, pp. 53-67. Auckland.
1997 Pohnpei Archaeology Component: Salapwuk Archaeology: Survey of Historic and Cultural Resources of Pohnpei State. San Francisco: Micronesian Endowment for Historic Preservation and U.S. National Park Service. (with Rufino Mauricio).
1996 Provenance Determination of Easter Island Volcanic Glass Artifacts. Archaeological Chemistry, Proceedings of the American Chemical Society. pp. 47-63. (with F. Beardsley and G. Goles).
1995 Easter Island Stone Images and Architecture. In La Terra del Moai [The Land of the Moai], edited by Giuseppe Orefici, Centro Studi Recerchi Ligabue. (in Italian).
1995 Geiseler's Easter Island: An 1880s Anthropological Account. Annotated, edited translation of Geiseler's Die Oster-Insel. Eine Statte prahistorischer Kultur in der Sudsee (Easter Island: A Prehistoric Culture in the South Seas), 1883. Asian and Pacific Archaeology series, University of Hawaii.
1995 Review of The Rock Art of Easter Island: Symbols of Power, Prayers to the Gods, by G. Lee. Asian Perspectives 34(2):315-317.
1995 The Hunter-Gatherer to Food Producer Transition in Southern Thailand. In Archaeology of Northeast Asia and the Pacific Regions, Festschrift for Professor S.N. Rhe, pp. 65-88. Seoul: Korean Ancient Historical Society.
1995 Review of The To'aga Site: Three Millennia of Polynesian Occupation in the Manu'a Islands, American Samoa, by P. Kirch and T. Hunt. American Antiquity 60(2):583-84
1995 Pacific Islands Studies Program Enhancement at the University of Oregon. Bulletin 3, Center for Asian and Pacific Studies.
1995 Pacific Islands Language Study at the University of Oregon. Bulletin 3, Center for Asian and Pacific Studies. 1994. (with Sidney Kinnaman)
1994 Marshall Islands Working Bibliography. Pacific Islands Studies Resource Materials Series. Center for Asian and Pacific Studies, University of Oregon.
1992 Nan Madol, Pohnpei. SAA Bulletin. Vol. 10, Nov. 1992. Society for American Archaeology.
1991 Characterization of Easter Island Obsidian Sources. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 11:179-187. Proceedings of the 14th Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Meetings, Yogyakarta. (with F. Beardsley and G. Goles).
1990 Pohnpei's Position in Eastern Micronesian Prehistory, Micronesica, Supplement 2: Proceedings, Indo Pacific Prehistory Association, Guam, 1990, pp. 187-212.
1990 Mystery Islets of Micronesia. Archaeology Jan-Feb 1990, pp. 58-63.
1990 Prehistoric Food Production in Micronesia. In Pacific Production Systems: Approaches to Economic Prehistory, ed. Douglas Yen and M.J.M. Mummery, pp. 211-227. Papers from a Symposium at the XVth Pacific Science Congress, New Zealand. (with Alan Haun). Canberra: Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.
1988 The Tahai Settlement Complex. In First International Congress: Easter Island and East Polynesia. Vol.1. Archaeology, ed. by C. Cristino F., P. Vargas C., R. Izaurieta S., and R. Budd P., pp. 95-119. Santiago: Universidad de Chile, Instituto de Estudios Isla de Pascua.
1988 Review of Prehistory in Oceania by J. Terrell, American Antiquity, 1987, 53(4):876-877.
1988 Review of Tikopia: Prehistory and Ecology of a Polynesian Outlier by Kirch and Yen 1982. Asian Perspectives, 1987. 25 (2):143-145.
1987 Stone Adzes from Pohnpei, Micronesia. Archaeology in Oceania 22: 27-31. (with R. Mauricio).
1986 "Easter Island Subsistence." Journal de la Societe des Oceanistes 80, Tome XLI, for June 1985, pp. 103-127. Paris.
1986 "The Austronesian Expansion: Review of Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago," by P. Bellwood. Science 232:1280-1281.
1985 "Archaeological Perspectives on Food Production in Eastern Micronesia." Proceedings of Symposium on Prehistoric Intensive Agriculture in the Tropics (Australian National University), Ian Farrington, ed., British Archaeological Reports. Int. series 232, pp. 455-473.
1985 "Micronesian Prehistory: Research on Ponape, Eastern Caroline Islands." Proceedings of the Xth ICAES Post-Plenary Symposium 'Recent Advances in Indo-Pacific Prehistory,' Poona, India. 1978, pp. 399-409.
1985 "The Tahai Settlement Complex." In Actas del Primer Congreso Internacional Isla de Pascua y Polinesia Oriental, Isla de Pascua. C. Cristino, P. Vargas, and R. Izaurieta, eds. p. 69. Santiago. Universidad de Chile.
1984 The Acheulean in Asia? A review of Research on Korean Paleolithic Culture. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 1984. (with Song Nai Rhee). Vol. 50, pp. 35-48.
1983 "Archaeology at Nan Madol, Ponape." Bulletin 4 of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association, Canberra. pp. 135-142.
1981 Easter Island Fishing. Asian Perspectives, William Mulloy Memorial Volume. Vol. XXII:61-92.
1981 Easter Island Archaeology Twenty-five Years after the Norwegian Expedition. A Review of the Ahu A Kivi-Vai Teka Complex. Asian Perspectives, William Mulloy Memorial Volume. Vol. XXII:93-99.
1981 Subsistence and Settlement on Ponape, Micronesia. Micronesian Archaeological Survey Reports No. 4. (Ponape Archaeological Survey Report 78-2). Saipan: Historic Preservation Office. 1981. 176 pp. (with Alan E. Haun and Craig Severance).
Selected pre-1980 publications:
1979 Archaeological Survey in Micronesia. Current Anthrpology 20(3):61-92.
1971 Radiocarbon Dates from Easter Island, East Polynesia. Journal of the Polynesian Society 80(4):497-504.
1970 Archaeological Survey and Excavations: Kamana-Nui Valley, Moanalua, South Halawa Valley, Halawa. Report 70-8. Revised edition 1971. Honolulu: Anthropology Department, Bishop Museum.
---- [other pre-1980 publications not included here]
Recent Grants Received
1998 Grant for Training Project in Historic Preservation for Palau, Micronesia from East-West Center, Hawaii.
1998 Mapping Training Grant for Historic Preservation on Pohnpei from Bishop Museum/Sasakawa Foundation.
1998 Grant for conducting summer field school for American Samoa Community College.
1997 Bishop Museum/Sasakawa Foundation grant for historic preservation training.
1996-97 Reactor Sharing Program Grant, Oregon State University, for geochemical provenance study of Easter Island stone materials and ceramics, with G. Goles.
1996 Skaggs Foundation for Archaeology and Site Conservation, Nan Madol, Pohnpei
1996 Easter Island Lithic Study: Neutron Activation Sample Processing. Oregon State University Radiation Facility.
1995 The Discovery Channel/Odyssey Productions for archaeological research on Pohnpei filmed as a television documentary.
1995 Historic Preservation Grant for Pohnpei Training Session and Nan Madol Project, US National Park Service.
1995-97 U.S. Department of Education, Undergraduate International Studies and Languages Program, for "Humanities in the Pacific Islands: Language, Culture and Art," University of Oregon, Center for Asian and Pacific Studies.
1994 Travel grant and support for World Archaeological Congress-3, New Delhi, World Archaeological Congress.
1993 Social Science Research Initiative Grant, University of Oregon for Easter Island archaeology.
1992 President's Initiative for Undergraduate Teaching, University of Oregon, for Computer Graphics in Teaching Archaeology.
1992-94 U.S. Department of Education, Undergraduate International Studies and Languages Program, for "Pacific Islands Studies Program," University of Oregon, Center for Asian and Pacific Studies.
1991 U.S. Department of Education, Undergraduate International Studies and Languages Program, for "Interdisciplinary Pacific Islands Studies Program."
1987-90 National Endowment for the Humanities Grant for Nan Madol Archaeology (including 10 private foundation supplemental grants; Wenner-Gren Foundation, Skaggs Foundation, AAA-Wray Foundation).
1988-92 Reactor Sharing Program Grant, Oregon State University, for geochemical provenance study of Pohnpei building materials and ceramics, with G. Goles. (3 grants).
1987 Geo-Anthropology Planning Grant, University of Oregon (Co-Investigator), ceramic technology and lithic database projects.
1987 Faculty Research Award, summer 1987, University of Oregon
1986 Northwest Inter-Institutional Exchange Grant, USIS (Participant). Exchange with Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, for 1987.
1986- Participant in the University of Oregon's Southeast Asia grant from the US Dept.of Education, 1986-87, 1989-90; Center, 1990-94, 1995-
1986 University Innovation Grant for teaching "Archaeology for Educators" during summer 1986 (renewed for 1987).
1985-86 Samoa Archaeological Survey, Historic Preservation Office, American Samoa.
1983-84 National Geographic Society grant for archaeological project at Nan Madol, Ponape.
Selected pre-1980 grants
1977- Numerous grants for field work on Pohnpei, Micronesia.
1973 National Science Foundation grant for "Excavation of Habitation Sites on Easter Island. 1973-1974.
1969 Wenner-Gren Foundation grant for dissertation research. Easter Island.
1991 National Endowment for the Humanities, Summer Fellowship for Nan Madol Research and Writing.
1984 Fulbright Award for archaeological consulting and teaching at the Prince of Songkla University, Pattani, Thailand, Jan.-July, 1985.
1982 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for archaeological consultation and research in Japan (April-August).
U.S. Dept. of Education, Javits Fellowship Program (1991-95, 98)
National Science Foundation
National Park Service
National Geographic Society
various university presses
US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Historic Preservation Review Board (1979-85) and Pohnpei State Review Board (1987-)
Recent Papers Presented
Society for American Archaeology, Seattle. Presented an invited paper:
"Stone Use in Prehistoric Rapa Nui (Easter Island), Polynesia" (senior
author, with Fitzpatrick, Wozniak, and Goles). 1998
Society for American Archaeology, Seattle. Invited chair of a session on Pacific Islands Archaeology. 1998
"Historic Period Archaeological Sites and Islander-Visitor Interaction on Pohnpei, Micronesia." Invited paper presented at the Symposium: Archaeology as Historical Anthropology in the Western Pacific, Chacmool Conference, Calgary, 1997.
"Stone Adzes and Quarries on Easter Island. Easter Island International Conference: South Seas Symposium, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1997, Lithic Resources and Uses of Stone in Oceania. (Symposium organizer; co-author with Goles, Fitzpatrick, and Wozniak)
Organizing Committee for the 4th International Easter Island Conference held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Aug 1997.
"Landscapes and Cultural Conservation in Salapwuk, Pohnpei." World Archaeological Congress-3, New Delhi, India, Dec 1994. (Symposium co-organizer)
"Provenance Study of Lithic Materials in Micronesia: The Pohnpei Case." Invited paper presented at the Society for American Archaeology Symposium on Prehistory Long-Distance Interaction in Oceania. Anaheim, CA, 1994 (with G. Goles and F. Beardsley).
"Nan Madol and the Evolution of Social Complexity, Pohnpei, Micronesia." Invited paper presented at the AAA, Symposium on Emergence of Cultural Complexity, Nov. 1993.
"Archaeology, Oral History, and Historic Preservation in Salapwuk, Pohnpei." Invited paper presented at the International Environment and Archaeology Congress, Puerto Rico, December 1992.
"Dietary and Social Context of Prestige Fish, Pohnpei, Micronesia." Paper presented at the Society for American Archaeology Annual Meetings, Pittsburg, April 1992.
Invited chair of a session entitled "Forty Years of Fulbright-Sponsored Anthropology in Thailand," at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association in New Orleans in November, 1991. I presented a paper entitled "Archaeology of South Thailand: Early Food Production in SE Asia" in that session.
"Salapwuk Archaeology: Archaeology and Oral History" Paper presented at the Society for Applied Anthropology Annual Meeting, Charleston, S.C., 1991. (with R. Mauricio).
"Geochemical Sourcing of Easter Island Obsidian" Paper presented at the IPPA Congress, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Aug 1990. (with F. Beardsley and G. Goles).
"Archaeology of South Thailand: Early Food Production in Peninsular Southeast Asia". Paper presented at the Northwest Consortium of Southeast Asian Studies and Canadian Southeast Asian Studies Association meeting, Vancouver, B.C. Nov, 1989.
"Micronesian Ceramics: the View from Pohnpei". Paper presented at the Circum-Pacific Prehistory Conference, Seattle, August 1989. (with R. Bryson). William S. Ayres, conference co-convenor.
"Pohnpei's Position in Eastern Micronesian Prehistory. Invited paper read at the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association's Micronesian Archaeological Conference, Guam, Sept. 1987.
Selected University Committees
Center for Asian and Pacific Studies Board, 1998-
Pacific Islands Studies Committee, 1987 -; Chair, 1987-97, 1998-
Asian Studies Committee, Univ. of Oregon, 1982-; Chair, 1986-94;
University Council on International and Foreign Area Programs, 1987-1989
Student Disabilities Committee, 1994-present
SE Asian Studies Committee, University of Oregon, 1986-present
Social Science Instructional Laboratory Committee, 1990-present
Data Services Laboratory, 1991-present
University Senate, 1985-87
American Anthropological Association
Society for American Archaeology
Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association
The Siam Society
The Polynesian Society
Society for Archaeological Sciences
Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania
New Zealand Archaeologial Association
Associate, "Current Anthropology"
Pacific Science Association
Read and speak some Spanish
Read German, some conversation
Work in Polynesian linguistics
Awarded the traditional Pohnpeian chiefly title: "Oun Pohnpei en Madar"
by the Soulik (Chief) of Awak Powe, Uh District, Ponape, in 1979.
Appointed by the High Commissioner to the Historic Preservation Review Board for the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, 1979; Pohnpei State Review Board, 1987-