UO Adaptive Technology

Section 508 Design Standards

What is 508?

Section 508 is a 1998 amendment to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Among other things it sets forth accessible web design requirements. These requirements legally apply to federal web sites only. They may be required contractually, many federal contracts including Department of Education grants include specifications calling for either "accessible" or "508 compliant" web sites related to grant projects.

University of Oregon and Accessible Web Design Standards

The University of Oregon has not officially adopted a set of accessible web standards. The Disability Services Office (DS) for the UO advises that official university web sites be designed 508 compliant. The other recognized set of standards is published by the W3C. Their current proposed standards may be found here: http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/ Because they are more concise, 508 is the DS recommended design standard for UO.

For a more complete explanation of 508 web design guidelines go to: http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/guide/1194.22.htm#(a)

The following are the main points of 508 as it applies to accessible web design:

  1. A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided.
  2. Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with the presentation.
  3. Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color, for example from context or markup..
  4. Documents shall be organized so they are readable without requiring an associated style sheet.
  5. Client-side image maps shall be provided instead of server-side image maps except where the regions cannot be defined with an available geometric shape.
  6. Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables.
  7. Markup shall be used to associate data cells and header cells for data tables that have two or more logical levels of row or column headers.
  8. Frames shall be titled with text that facilitates frame identification and navigation.
  9. Pages shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.
  10. A text-only page, with equivalent information or functionality, shall be provided to make a web site comply with the provisions of these standards, when compliance cannot be accomplished in any other way. The content of the text-only page shall be updated whenever the primary page changes.
  11. When pages utilize scripting languages to display content, or to create interface elements, the information provided by the script shall be identified with functional text that can be read by assistive technology.
  12. When a web page requires that an applet, plug-in or other application be present on the client system to interpret page content, the page must provide a link to a plug-in or applet that complies with §1194.21(a) through (l).
  13. When electronic forms are designed to be completed on-line, the form shall allow people using assistive technology to access the information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of the form, including all directions and cues.
  14. A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links.
  15. When a timed response is required, the user shall be alerted and given sufficient time to indicate more time is required.

Designing Web Accessibility at the U of O

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This site is maintained by James Bailey, the university's Adaptive Technology Access Adviser. Updated: 12/04