Project Alliance 1: Relationship

Relationship Dynamics and Young Adult Drug Use and Abuse
Funding period: September 20, 2012–August 31, 2017
Principal Investigator: Dr. Thomas Dishion
Co-Investigator: Dr. Krista Chronister
Funded by: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health

In this follow-up of the Project Alliance 1 sample, the research team is investigating the covariation between alcohol and other drug use developmental trajectories, social adaptation, and intimate partner adjustment in early adulthood. This sample was originally assessed in 10 waves between ages 11 and 27 years; during the follow-up period original PAL1 participants will be age 28–29 years.

In this follow-up of the Project Alliance 1 sample, the research team is investigating the covariation between alcohol and other drug use developmental trajectories, social adaptation, and intimate partner adjustment in early adulthood. This sample was originally assessed in 10 waves between ages 11 and 27 years; during the follow-up period original PAL1 participants will be age 28–29 years. In this follow-up, original PAL1 participants who are married, engaged, or living with a romantic partner will be invited to participate in an ecological assessment with their partner that includes surveys, a videotaped discussion task, and brief quarterly surveys delivered via text messaging that capture information about their relationship and personal behavior (including alcohol and other drug use) during a 12-month period. Longer surveys assess AOD use and other risk behavior, daily activities, personal relationships, work, health, parenting, length and exclusivity of the romantic relationship, satisfaction and conflict in the romantic relationship, and shared friend network. The observation task includes six brief discussion tasks designed to elicit interaction dynamics identified by researchers as predictors of relationship outcomes. Gender-specific longitudinal models of adult alcohol and drug use will be tested. Analyses will focus on understanding stability and change in alcohol and drug use in early adulthood with respect to changing relationships (friendships, family, and intimate partners) and activity lifestyles (work, education) in the context of developmental trajectories of problem behavior from early adolescence through adulthood.