UO Psychology 607 Graduate Seminar Winter 2008
Understanding Childhood Trauma:
Historical and Societal Contexts
Syllabus Version: 29 February 2008
Winter 2008 Psychology 607 Seminar
Short Title: Sem Child Trauma
Instructors: Jennifer Freyd & Pamela Birrell
Grading option: Optional
Time: T 12:00-13:50 in 143 Straub Hall
Application Form: Instructors Consent
is Required for graduate students not enrolled in Psychology graduate program
(for both students who wish to register and those who wish to audit). Applications
will be considered as long as there is space available.
Course Home Page http://dynamic.uoregon.edu/~jjf/courses/psy607-win08/
Course Materials for Registered Students Located at http://blackboard.uoregon.edu/
Clinical Elective: This seminar can be used as a clinical elective
for grad students in UO Clinical Psychology program.
Overview: Our understanding of childhood trauma has undergone enormous change over the last century. In this seminar we will read current and historical reports and analyses of childhood trauma, asking not only how trauma impacts children and the adults they become, but also how the societal and historical context molds our approach to the questions and issues. Although we can learn much from the current literature, we anticipate this examination of psychology's changing understanding of childhood trauma will lead us to a deeper understanding of the human response to childhood trauma. This graduate seminar will be informed by, and inform, a new collaborative digitization project with the UO Library in which we are digitizing pre-1923 psychological literature on trauma and dissociation.
Required book for the course:
Terr, L. ( 1990) Too Scared to Cry: Psychic Trauma in
Childhood. Harper & Row.
(This book will be available for purchase in the text book section of the UO
bookstore, and will be on reserve at Knight Library.)
See weekly reading assignments.
Course Work: Students will be expected to attend all class meetings,
do all assigned readings, and to participate actively in seminar discussion.
In addition each participant will lead a class discussion and, in advance of
the class meeting, create a set of discussion questions by the Friday at noon
before the Tuesday class. The student will send the questions to the instructor
and then the questions will be distributed to the class via email by the instructor
prior to the discussion and posted on the discussion board by the discussion leaders. After the class, the student(s) leading discussion
will create a document including the discussion questions, any other presentation
material, and capturing important discussion points from class. This revised
document must be submitted to the instructor for posting on the course web site
by the Wednesday at noon following class. The revised version of the handout
must be in either powerpoint, word, or rich text format. An alternative assignment for the discussion write-up will be discussed in class. Finally, one additional assignment for each student during the term will be to write a synopsis for an article in the Dissociation Archive project. More detail about that assignment will be provided in class.
Topics & Readings by Week
( = readings from required book)
January 8: Introduction and Organization
Discussion Leaders: Jennifer Freyd & Pam Birrell
January 15: History of Study of Childhood Trauma
Discussion Leader: Mary Ann Winter-Messiers
- Chapter 1 of Terr ("A First Glance at Childhood Trauma")
- Becker-Blease, K.A., & Freyd, J.J. (2005). Beyond PTSD: An evolving relationship between trauma theory and family violence research. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20, 403-411.
- Freyd, J.J. (2007) Archiving Dissociation as a Precaution
against Dissociating Dissociation. [Editorial] Journal of Trauma & Dissociation,
- Herman, J.L. (1997). Trauma and recovery. New York: Basic Books. Introduction and Chapter 1 ("A Forgotten History")
- Myers, J.E.B. (2006) Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future. Oxford. (Read Chapter 1 and Chapter 4, and also either read or skim Chapters 2, 3, & 5)
January 22: Impact of Childhood Trauma
Guest Speakers: Karen Estlund and Barbara Jenkins, UO Libraries
Discussion Leader: Jenna Quillen
- Chapter 2 of Terr ("Terror")
- Chapter 3 of Terr ("Rage")
- Bowman, E. S. (1990). "Adolescent MPD in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries." Dissociation 3(4): 179-187.
- Bowman, E.W., Blix, S., & Coon, P.M. (1985). Multiple personality in adolescence: Relationship to incestual experiences. J. Nervous & Mental Dis. 24(1):109-114, 1985.
- Prince, M. (1905) The dissociation of a personality : a biographical study in abnormal psychology. New York : Longmans, Green, 1910, c1905 -- pages 250-252.
- Freyd, J.J., Putnam, F.W., Lyon, T.D., Becker-Blease, K. A., Cheit, R.E., Siegel, N.B., & Pezdek, K. (2005). The science of child sexual abuse. Science, 308, 501. PLUS Letters and response to letters: The problem of child sex abuse. Science, 309, 1183-1185.
- Miller, A. (2002). For Your Own Good: Hidden cruelty in child-rearing and the roots of violence. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Read the section: "Adolf Hitler's Childhood: From Hidden to Manifest Horror"
January 29: Impact Continued
Guest Speaker: Ray Broderick of the Child Advocacy Center
Discussion Leaders: Shin Shin Tang and Melissa Foynes
- Chapter 4 of Terr ("Denial and Numbing")
- Chapter 5 of Terr ("Unresolved Grief")
- Lyon, T.D. (2007). False denials: Overcoming methodological biases in abuse disclosure research. In M.E. Pipe, M. E. Lamb, Y. Orbach, and A.C. Cederborg (Eds.), Disclosing abuse: Delays, denials, retractions and incomplete accounts (pp. 41-62). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Sacco, L. (2002). "Sanitized for your protection: Medical discourse and the denial of incest in the United States, 1890-1940." Journal of Women's History 14(3): 80-104.
- Cheit, R. & Mervis, D. (2007). "Myths About the Country Walk Case." Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 16(3): 95-115.
- Oregon Department of Justice (2004). Oregon Interviewing Guidelines (Revised 2004). (Skim)
February 5: Accommodation
Discussion Leaders: Melissa Platt and Jocelyn Barton
- Chapter 6 of Terr ("Shame and Guilt")
- Chapter 7 of Terr ("Misperception")
- McKeown, J. M. (2007). "Restoring literary wholeness to the fragmented account of Antoine Despine's magnetic cure of Estelle L'Hardy's dissociative disorder." International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis 55(4): 486-496.
- Fine, C. G. (1988). "The Work of Antoine Despine: The first scientific report on the diagnosis and treatment of a child with Multiple Personality Disorder." American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 31(1): 33-39.
- Olafson, E. (2001). When paradigms collide: Roland Summit and the rediscovery of child sexual abuse. In J. Conte (Ed.), Critical Issues in Child Abuse. Sage Publications, pp. 71-106.
February 12: Memory and Dissociation
Discussion Leaders: Robyn Gobin and Erica Musser
- Chapter 8 of Terr ("Time Goes Awry")
- Chapter 9 of Terr ("Remembering Trauma")
- Freyd, J.J. (2001; 2002c). Memory and Dimensions of Trauma: Terror May be 'All-Too-Well Remembered' and Betrayal Buried. In J.R. Conte (Ed.) Critical Issues in Child Sexual Abuse: Historical, Legal, and Psychological Perspectives (pp. 139-173). Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, CA.
- Duggal, S. & Sroufe, A. (1998). Recovered memory of a childhood sexual
traumat: A documented case from a longitudinal study. Journal of
Traumatic Stress 11: 301-321.
- Hacking, I. (1991). "Double Consciousness in Britain 1815-1875." Dissociation 4(3): 134-146.
February 19: Fantasy and Dreams
Discussion Leaders: Laura Kaehler and Anne Kraft
- Chapter 10 of Terr ("School Work and Fantasy Work")
- Chapter 11 of Terr ("Repeated Dreams")
- Rivers, W. H. R. (1920). Instinct and the unconscious; a contribution to a biological theory of the psycho-neuroses, Cambridge [Eng.] University press. Read: "Appendix II" and "Appendix III" (pages 171-204).
- Becker-Blease, K.A. & Freyd, J.J. (2006). Research participants telling the truth about their lives: the ethics of asking and not asking about abuse. American Psychologist, 6(3), 218-226.
- Becker Blease, K.A. & Freyd, J.J. (2007). The Ethics of Asking about Abuse and the Harm of "Don't Ask Don't Tell" [Comment]. American Psychologist, 62, 330-332.
February 26: Play
Discussion Leaders: Deniz Tahiroglu and Tasha Oswald
- Chapter 12 of Terr ("Post-traumatic Play")
- Chapter 13 of Terr ("Post-traumatic Reenactment")
- Soloman Z. (1995). Oscillating between denial and recognition of
PTSD: Why are the lessons learned and forgotten? Journal of Traumatic
Stress 8: 271-282
- Palmer, S. E., R. A. Brown, et al. (1999). "Responding to children's disclosure of familial abuse: What survivors tell us." Child Welfare 78(2): 259-282.
March 4: Treatment
Discussion Leaders: Annmarie Hulette and Bridget Klest
- Chapter 14 of Terr ("Treatment")
- Cohen, J.A., Mannarino, A. P., Murray, L.K., & Igelman, R. (2006). Psychosocial Interventions for Maltreated and Violence-Exposed Children. Journal of Social Issues, 62, 737-766.
- Guidelines for the Evaluation and Treatment of Dissociative Symptoms
in Children and Adolescents-2003-ISSD Task Force on Children and Adolescents, Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, Vol. 5(3) 2004, 119-150.
- Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Web based training (visit this web site; registration is optional)
March 11: Summing Up
Discussion Leaders: Jennifer Freyd & Pam Birrell
Guest Speaker: Jane Vogel, PhD, will talk about her treatment of traumatized children
- Chapter 15 of Terr ("Close Enounters of the Traumatic Kind")
Book to Purchase
- Terr, L. ( 1990) Too Scared to Cry: Psychic Trauma in
Childhood. Harper & Row.
Additional Books (specific chapter assignments may be selected from this list that is still under construction)
- Cicchetti, D. & Carlson, V. (Eds.) (1989) Child
Maltreatment: Theory and resarch on the causes and consequences of
child abuse and neglect. Cambridge University Press.
- Cicchetti, D., & Toth, S. L. (1997). Developmental
perspectives on trauma: Theory, research and intervention.
Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press. (Table of contents
- Conte, J.R. (Ed) (2002). Critical Issues in Child Sexual Abuse: Historical, Legal, and Psychological Perspectives. Sage.
- Freyd, J.J. (1996). Betrayal trauma theory: The logic of forgetting childhood
abuse. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
- Herman, J.L. (1997). Trauma and recovery. New York: Basic Books.
- Luthar, S.S., Burack, J.A., Cicchetti, D. & Weisz, J.R. (Eds.)
(1997) Developmental psychopathology: Perspectives on adjustment,
risk and disorder. Cambridge: UK: Cambridge University Press.
- Miller, A. (2002). For Your Own Good: Hidden cruelty in child-rearing and the roots of violence. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
- Myers, J.E.B. (2006) Child Protection in America: Past, Present, and Future. Oxford.
- Prince, M. (1905) The dissociation of a personality : a biographical study in abnormal psychology. New York : Longmans, Green, 1910, c1905.
- Putnam, F. (1997) Dissociation in Children and Adolscents: A
Developmental Perspective. Guilford.
- Rivers, W. H. R. (1920). Instinct and the unconscious; a contribution to a biological theory of the psycho-neuroses, Cambridge [Eng.] University press.
- Shay, J. (1994). Achilles in Vietnam: Combat trauma and the undoing of
character. New York: Touchstone Books.
- Silberg, J.L. (Ed) (1998) The Dissociative Child: Diagnosis,
Treatment, and Management (Second Edition). Sidran Press.
Readings on the History of Childhood (specific chapter assignments may be selected from this list that is still under construction)
- Ariès, P. (1962) Centuries of Childhood: A social
history of family life. NY: Knopf.
- Borstellman, L. J. (1983) Children before psychology: Ideas
about children from antiquity to the late 1800s. In Paul M. Mussen
(Series Ed.) and William Kessen (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child
psychology: Vol. 4. History, theory and methods. (4th ed., pp. 1-40).
- Brewer, H. (2005). By Birth or Consent: Children, Law, and the Anglo-American Revolution in Authority. UNC.
- Brown, I. & Brown, R.,(2003) The Hanging of Ephraim Wheeler. Harvard.
- Devlin, R.(2005). Relative Intimacy: Fathers, Adolescents, Daughters, and Postwar American Culture. UNC.
- Davis, Glen (1976) Childhood and history in America . New York :
The Psychohistory Press in conjunction with the Institute for
- deMause, L. (ed.) (1974).The history of childhood NY:Psychohistory Press
- Fontanel, B. & dâHarcourt, C. (1997) .
Babies: History, Art and Folklore. (Lory Frankel,Trans.) NY: Harry N.
- Gathorne-Hardy, J. (1972-3) Rise and fall of the British
nanny. or The unnatural history of the nanny.New York: Dial Press,
350 p. illus. 24 cm
- Golden, M. (1990). Children and childhood in classical
Athens.Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Hawes, J, M. & Hiner, N. R. (eds) 1985. American
Childhood: A research guide and historical handbook. Westport,Conn:
- Illick, J.E. (2002). American Childhoods. Penn.
- Jackson, L. A. (2000) Child Sexual Abuse in Victorian England. Routledge.
- Jones, K.W. (1999). Taming the Troublesome Child: American Families, Child Guidance, and the Limits of Psychiatric Authority. Harvard
- Robertson, S. (2005) Crimes Against Children: Sexual Violence and Legal Culture in NYC, 1880-1960. UNC..
- Safford, Philip L. & Safford, Elizabeth J. (1996) A history of
childhood and disability. NY: Teachers College Press
- Sommerville, C. John, (1992). The discovery of childhood Puritan
England. Athens,GA. University of Georgia Press
- Taves, A., ed., (1989) Religion and Domestic Violence in Early New England. Indiana.
Additional articles on childhood trauma
Historical articles on dissociation and trauma for UO Dissociation Archives project