Ellen Herman

Department of History, University of Oregon


HIST 203, Week 5, Key Terms

“iron curtain”


Cuban Missile Crisis, October 1962

domino theory

Truman Doctrine, 1947

Marshall Plan

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), founded 1948

Chinese Revolution, 1949

CIA coup in Guatemala, 1954

Cuban Revolution, 1959

Third World


Senator Joseph McCarthy and HUAC

Ethel and Julius Rosenberg

loyalty oaths

national security state

military-industrial complex

National Security Act of 1947

consumers’ republic

“the affluent society”

high point of unionization during the 20th century: 32% of the labor force in 1952

family wage ideal

Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)

Highways Act of 1956

baby boom, 1946-1964

radio was a mass medium in 1945 and television was virtually unknown; by 1960, 500 tv stations were broadcasting and 87% of households owned a television

citizen consumers and purchasing consumers

Nader’s Raiders