For a copy of the scale, including adjectives and response instructions, see the Mini-Markers pdf file.
For normative values:
Normative values for some large samples (word file)
If you have difficulty downloading the pdf file mentioned above, try this link to an older htm file.
As it says in table, the * indicates the highest factor loading for each variable (row). To create a scale score, you do the following:
1. Figure out which 8 items go with each scale -- that is clear from the table, talkative through withdrawn are I (Extraversion) etc.
2. For those 8 items, add them up. Except that if it is in the second section (with - on the * loading) you subtract rather than add the response. Thus Extraversion = talkative + bold + extraverted + energetic - shy - bashful - quiet - withdrawn.
3. If you want to compare these to the 'norms' , you should score in a more sophisticated way. For the - items (like 'withdrawn') you should recalculate the responses to that the response to the item is subtracted from a constant that is (1 + the highest number in the response scale) . This is called 'reflecting' a response. Then average the 8 responses for each scale.
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