Golly, A., Stiller, B., & Walker, H. M. (1998). First Step to Success: Replication and Social Validation of an Early Intervention Program. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders , 6 (4), 243-250. ($5.00)


In this article two studies are described. Study one involves a replication of the First Step to Success early intervention program for at-risk kindergartners. Study two focuses on the social validation of the First Step program by implementers and consumers. A follow-up survey was conducted of educators who were trained in the program to determine the proportion who actually implemented it following training in how to do so. This survey also identified barriers to the implementation process as well as program features that educators liked and regarded as critical to a successful program application. Results indicated that the replication was successful; the outcomes achieved for the replication sample were nearly identical to those for the original field-test sample, which consisted of two cohorts of kindergarten children. Educators who participated in the First Step training sessions rated the content and quality of the training highly, with their ratings generally averaging above 4.50 on a five-point Likert scale. About half of those who received training actually went on to implement the program. Participants liked the structure of the intervention and the fact that it did not prove disruptive to ongoing kindergarten instructional activities. Factors cited as being barriers to effective implementation were a lack of support and available resources at the local school site, not finding kindergartners with problems of sufficient severity to justify implementing the program, and the inconsistency of parents in following through with the home component of the program. Implications of these findings are discussed.