A., Stiller, B., & Walker, H. M. (1998). First Step to Success:
Replication and Social Validation of an Early Intervention Program.
Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders , 6 (4), 243-250. ($5.00)
In this article two studies
are described. Study one involves a replication of the First Step to
Success early intervention program for at-risk kindergartners. Study
two focuses on the social validation of the First Step program by
implementers and consumers. A follow-up survey was conducted of
educators who were trained in the program to determine the proportion
who actually implemented it following training in how to do so. This
survey also identified barriers to the implementation process as well
as program features that educators liked and regarded as critical to a
successful program application. Results indicated that the replication
was successful; the outcomes achieved for the replication sample were
nearly identical to those for the original field-test sample, which
consisted of two cohorts of kindergarten children. Educators who
participated in the First Step training sessions rated the content and
quality of the training highly, with their ratings generally averaging
above 4.50 on a five-point Likert scale. About half of those who
received training actually went on to implement the program.
Participants liked the structure of the intervention and the fact that
it did not prove disruptive to ongoing kindergarten instructional
activities. Factors cited as being barriers to effective implementation
were a lack of support and available resources at the local school
site, not finding kindergartners with problems of sufficient severity
to justify implementing the program, and the inconsistency of parents
in following through with the home component of the program.
Implications of these findings are discussed.