Walker, H. M., & Sprague, J. R. (1999). The Path to School Failure, Delinquency and Violence: Causal Factors and some Potential Solutions. Intervention in School and Clinic . 35 (2), 67-73.


This article addresses the issues associated with the path to school failure, delinquency and violence that increasing numbers of our children and youth are following. Causal factors are identified and described and the developmental nature of the path leading from exposure to risk factors to short and long term, destructive outcomes is discussed. Prevention strategies for diverting at-risk children and youth from this path are also described and illustrated. These strategies include but are not limited to supporting families, developing and implementing school-based prevention approaches, supporting schools, improving academic and social competence, and achieving prevention goals through true collaborative arrangements between schools, families, and communities.