LING150/University of Oregon

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 Unit 1 Exercises B 

 On-line Dictionary

1. Types of Morphemes

  • Divide each word below into morphemes. (Use the glossary in the back of your textbook.)
  • Put extra "filler" letters in parenthesis.
  • Tell whether each morpheme is a PREFIX, ROOT, or SUFFIX.

Example:   adverbial

ad-   /

verb   /

(i )  /

-al

PREFIX

ROOT

 

SUFFIX

a. phonetic

b. congregate

c. biographical

d. pseudomorph

e. deconstruction

 

2. Suffixes

Give the meaning of the highlighted suffix in the following words. Be as specific as possible.

1. spectator

6. canine

11. bronchitis

2. phobia

7. communism

12. pubescent

3. asteroid

8. antipathy

13. stadium

4. solarium

9. erudite

14. carcinoma

5. prognosis

10. unity

15. finalize

 

3. Prefixes

Identify the prefixes in the following words. Determine whether each prefix is used spatially, temporally, or intensively.

1. abduct

5. secede

9. diachronic

2. preamble

6. declare

10. extend

3. intervene

7. invade

11. postpone

4. condemn (dam/damn/demn )

8. hyperactive

12. prognosis

 

4. Inflectional and Derivational Suffixes

Determine what kind of suffix is highlighted in the words below. Use the structure of the sentences to guide your decision. The item number follows the word.

  • Inflectional Suffix
  • Noun-forming Derivational Suffix
  • Verb-forming Derivational Suffix
  • Adjective-forming Derivational Suffix

It was an dark and tempestuous(1) night. Suddenly, an explosion(2) pierced(3) the silence(4). The maid's(5) persistent(6) screams(7) rang from the conservatory(8). The butler was running(9) up the stairs, when he stumbled over the prostrate(10) body of his erstwhile employer(11), a reclusive(12) industrialist(13). Quickly, he deduced that the man had been given(14) a fatal(15) dose of an anesthetic(16). A fragile(17) document(18) was missing from the gigantic(19) safe. He began to organize(20) a reconnaissance(21) to search for the fugitive(22). After that, he planned to interrogate(23) the miscreant(24).

 

5. Word Analysis

Using the morphemes from Set 1, analyze the words below as follows:

  • Parse the word into morphemes (put any "extra" letters in parenthesis).
  • Gloss each morpheme.
  • Give a literal meaning for the word.

a. intersection

b. microbiology

c. pseudoscience

d. extracorporeal

e. psychopathic


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