Home Page

 

Self-assessment Instruments

Rationale for Instruments

Increasing ICT Expertise

Search Engines

Workshop Based on this Website.

Dave Moursund's ICT in Education Home Page

Oregon Technology in Education Council

Click here to send Email to Dave Moursund

Discussion of Legal and Ethical Issues

ICT has given rise to a host of legal and ethical issues. Preservice and inservice teachers need to know a reasonable amount about these issues. Because of their positions as teachers or potential teachers, they need to be above reproach.

General Comments

International Society for Technology in Education

Oregon's Teachers Standards and Practices Commission

Oregon Law

Top of Page

 

General Comments

Preservice and inservice teachers need to carefully examine their own role modeling in areas such as:

  • Stealing software. (This includes all aspects of making and/or using illegal copies of software).
  • Plagiarizing. It is exceedingly easy to do "cut and paste" without referencing the source and without paying attention to copyright laws.
  • Making illegal or unethical use of ICT facilities.
  • Damaging, destroying, stealing, and illegally using ICT facilities and files that belong to others.

Because of their positions as teachers or potential teachers, preservice and inservice teachers need to be above reproach in the bulleted items listed above.

Top of Page

 

 

International Society for Technology in Education

The ISTE National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers speak directly to this issue. The sixth of the standards states:

6. SOCIAL, ETHICAL, LEGAL, AND HUMAN ISSUES.

Teachers understand the social,ethical,legal,and human issues surrounding the use of technology in PK-12 schools and apply those principles in practice. Teachers:

  1. model and teach legal and ethical practice related to technology use.
  2. apply technology resources to enable and empower learner with diverse backgrounds, characteristics, and abilities.
  3. identify and use technology resources that affirm diversity
  4. promote safe and healthy use of technology resources.
  5. facilitate equitable access to technology resources for all

Top of Page

 

Oregon's Teachers Standards and Practices Commission

Oregon's teachers must meet the requirements specified by the Teacher Standards and Practices Commission. The second of the five general TSPC requirements for all teachers is:

2. CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT: Establish a classroom climate conducive to learning: e.g., positive classroom management, safe and developmentally appropriate environment, efficient organization of time and materials, and effective transitions.

  1. Affirms dignity and worth of all students and provides the positive support students need to be effective learners;
  2. Communicates classroom rules and behavioral expectations that provide a safe and orderly environment for learning, and that are appropriate to the level of development of students;
  3. When establishing classroom rules and procedures, applies to all students principles of gender equity and racial justice, and applies principles of least restrictive environment for students with disabilities;
  4. When establishing and maintaining classroom rules and procedures, models appropriate social behavior and provides meaningful reinforcement when it occurs;
  5. When establishing and maintaining classroom rules and procedures, takes into account the influence of the physical, social, and emotional climates of students' homes and the community on motivation and behavior;
  6. Monitors student conduct, and takes appropriate action when misbehavior occurs;
  7. Interacts thoughtfully and courteously with students and parents and resolves conflicts in a professional manner, respecting the cultural context of the community;
  8. Uses classroom time effectively to provide maximum time for learning;
  9. Manages instructional transitions decisively, effectively, and without loss of instructional time;
  10. Arranges and sets up materials and equipment in advance of class to facilitate their effective and efficient use during lessons; and
  11. Coordinates the use of instructional assistants, parent volunteers, student assistants, and other support staff to achieve instructional objectives, if these resources are available in the school setting.

A number of the requirements listed above are of a legal and ethical nature.

Nowadays, most schools and school districts have "Acceptable Use Policies." These are usually designed just for students, but may also be designed for teachers. Students (or, students and their parents) must agree to abide by these policies for student use of school ICT facilities. Teachers play a major role in educating students about the policies and implementing them.

Top of Page

 

 

Oregon Law

There are a number of Oregon laws, rules, and regulations that talk about legal and ethical use of ICT facilities. Click here for brief summaries of some of them, along with Web links. Here are two of the brief summaries:

Oregon Department of Administrative Services: 03-21 Policy and Standards (February 18, 1997) [Online]. Accessed 6/14/01: http://spr.das.state.or.us/policies/03-21aup.htm.

SUBJECT: Acceptable Use of State Electronic Information Systems

ABSTRACT: Requires that all agency electronic information systems be used for agency business with minor exceptions.

Oregon University System: Acceptable Use Policy [Online]. Accessed 6/14/01: http://www.ous.edu/its/ITSacceptuse.html. Quoting from the Website:

OUS's computing resources and facilities are intended for legitimate instructional, research, administrative, public service, or approved contract purposes. Use of OUS resources should be consistent with the goals of facilitating and disseminating knowledge, encouraging collaborative projects and resource sharing, aiding technology transfer, fostering innovation and building a broader infrastructure in support of education and research. Individuals who disregard elements of this policy may be subject to appropriate disciplinary action by OUS.

Those using computer facilities and services must respect the intellectual and access rights of others locally, nationally, and internationally. Users are expected to follow acceptable standards of ethics and conduct in their use of computing resources. Responsible user behavior includes consideration for other users, as well as efficient use of the computing resources.

 

Top of Page