National and Regional Standards for Topic
General-purpose ICT tools that cut across many
disciplines, such as word processor, spread sheet, database,
Draw and Paint graphics, Web browser and search engine, and
The International Society
for Technology in Education (ISTE) is this county's
major professional society working in the field of
Information and Communication Technology in precollege
education and teacher education. It was established in 1979
by David Moursund, its National Office is located in Eugene,
Oregon, and its International Office is located in
ISTE has developed:
The National Educational Technology Standards (NETS) for
Teachers is broken into six major components.
Click here to access a list of the six components. The
first of the six ISTE NETS for Teachers is:
1. TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTS.
Teachers demonstrate a sound understanding of technology
operations and concepts. Teachers:
- demonstrate introductory knowledge, skills, and understanding of concepts related to technology (as described in the ISTE National Education Technology Standards for Students);
- demonstrate continual growth in technology knowledge and skills to stay abreast of current and emerging technologies.
The ISTE NETS for Students is broken into grade ranges
and provides performance indicators for students completing
these various grade-level ranges.
Roughly speaking, Topic 1 and its self-assessment
instrument are based on 1A, Grades PreK-12. The general idea
is that teachers need to have knowledge and skills in the
area of general-purpose ICT tools so that:
- They can help students to gain and retain
grade-appropriate knowledge and skills of ICT
- They can routinely make assignments and grade
assignments in which students make use of
grade-appropriate ICT general-purpose tools.
- As they do 1) and 2), they have a good understanding
of how their ICT tool-use work with their students fits
in with the overall goals and objectives for ICT
general-purpose tools use by students completing the 12th
To be more concrete, here is the Grades 6-8 performance
indicators, quoted from ISTE. Keep in mind that this
document was first published in June 1998. It is beginning
to become out of date, due to the continued rapid pace of
changes in ICT . For example, in 1998 only a modest
percentage of schools had Internet connectivity. Now,
essentially all schools and most classrooms have Internet
Prior to completion of Grade 8, students will:
- Apply strategies for identifying and solving routine
hardware and software problems that occur during everyday
- Demonstrate knowledge of current changes in
information technologies and the effect those changes
have on the workplace and society.
- Exhibit legal and ethical behaviors when using
information and technology, and discuss consequences of
- Use content-specific tools, software, and simulations
(e.g., environmental probes, graphing calculators,
exploratory environments, Web tools) to support learning
- Apply productivity/multimedia tools and peripherals
to support personal productivity, group collaboration,
and learning throughout the curriculum.
- Design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g.,
Web pages, videotapes) using technology resources that
demonstrate and communicate curriculum concepts to
audiences inside and outside the classroom.
- Collaborate with peers, experts, and others using
telecommunications and collaborative tools to investigate
curriculum-related problems, issues, and information, and
to develop solutions or products for audiences inside and
outside the classroom.
- Select and use appropriate tools and technology
resources to accomplish a variety of tasks and solve
- Demonstrate an understanding of concepts underlying
hardware, software, and connectivity, and of practical
applications to learning and problem solving.
- Research and evaluate the accuracy, relevance,
appropriateness, comprehensiveness, and bias of
electronic information sources concerning real-world
Some elementary schools have an ICT Coordinator (perhaps
called a "computer Teacher) who supervises computer labs,
maintains hardware and software, and provides instruction on
general-purpose ICT tools to all students in the school.
Other schools depend on each classroom teacher to provide
the appropriate grade-appropriate instruction to their
students. In either case, for students to gain the needed
ICT knowledge and skills, they need make routine use of
these tools in their everyday school work.