The actor subjects who view themselves on video, will be more likely to make relatively more dispositional attributions about their own behavior. The observer subjects who view a different condition of the actor's conversation will be more likely to make relatively more situational attributions of the actor's behaviors.
This is a 3x2 design. The first independent variable was manipulated in the following manner: Two actor subjects held a conversation while two observer subjects look on. All four subjects were made aware that the conversation was going to be video taped. [Thus, the first independent variable was subject's role in the experiment: as an actor or as an observer.] The second manipulated independent variables had three levels, which were: A) Subjects did not view a tape of the conversation. B) Subjects viewed the tape of their original orientation. C) Subjects viewed a tape showing the opposite orientation (perspective) of what they had observed during the initial conversation.
Two measures were given to each of the subjects. Actors answered questions about themselves, and observers answered questions about the actor that they had viewed. The measure calculated both situational and dispositional attributions of for the actor's behavior. The difference between the two was also calculated.
Storms found in the no video and same orientation groups that actors attributed behavior more to situational aspects than observers did. The groups of actors also had similar dispositional-minus- situational scores. In the new orientation condition, actors' scores on this measure were lower than observers' scores, indicating that actors made relatively more dispositional attributions and observers made relatively more situational attributions when they were asked to view an interaction from the opposite perspective.