## Math Ability/Performance:

Math Anxiety Abstracts

M. Aksu,A longitudinal study on attitudes towards mathematics by department and sex at the university level
Includes: The distribution of the subjects by sex and department in 1986 and 1988. (table); Correlated t-tests on 1986/1988 MAS Scores on males, females and groups. (table); Correlated t-tests on 1986/1988 MAS Scores on Maths. Dept. students. (table); Two way analysis of variance of Total Mean Scores in 1986. (table); Two way analysis of variance of Enjoyment Mean Scores in 1986. (table); Two way analysis of variance of Freedom from Fear Mean Scores in 1986. (table)

S. F. Chipman, D. H. Krantz, and R. Silver,Mathematics anxiety and science careers among able college women
A study was conducted in a women's college to determine if there exists a correlation between women's attitude towards math and their choice of career. A questionnaire which consisted of career interest questions and math attitude items was administered to incoming freshmen batches in 1985, 1986 and 1987. Results showed a high correlation between math confidence and choice of a physical science career. On the other hand, previous knowledge in math proved to be insignificant. These results point to the importance of cultivating positive attitudes towards mathematics learning.

R. B. Felson and L. Trudeau,Gender differences in mathematics performance
Includes: Typical sex difference socialization model for performance in mathematics. (chart); Items from parents', children's questionnaire, lambda model coefficients. (table); Sex differences in performance, grades 5-8. (table); Model representing the effects of sex on math anxiety. (chart); Structural coefficients of gender effects on parents, children, teachers. (table); Enrollment in various high school courses, 1986-87. (table); Gender differences in high school performance. (table)

J. S. Hyde, E. Fennema, M. Ryan, L. A. Frost, and C. Hopp,Gender comparisons of mathematics attitudes and affect: a meta-analysis
This is a report on the authors' meta-analyses on the effects of gender differences in attitudes on mathematics performance. On the whole, effect sizes were small. Some differences in attitudes were observed and the differences seemed to increase with the age of the students. Includes: Gender differences on scales of math attitudes/affect as function of age. (table); Magnitude of gender differences on other scales of math attitudes/affect. (table); Gender differences in mathematics attitudes/affect, combining scales. (table); Gender differences in mathematics anxiety as function of selectivity. (table); Studies of gender differences in mathematics attitudes and affect. (table)