Bibliography
Foundations

John Bossy, Christianity in the West, 1400-1700 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985).
Thomas A. Brady, Jr., et al., eds., Handbook of European History, 1400-1600: Late Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformation, 2 vols. (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994-1995).
Thomas A. Brady, Jr., German Histories in the Age of Reformations, 1400-1650 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).
Euan Cameron, The European Reformation (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991).
G.R. Elton, Reformation Europe, 1517-1559, 2d ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999).
C. Scott Dixon, The Reformation in Germany (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002).
R. Po-chia Hsia, ed. The German People and the Reformation (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988).
Henry Kamen, Early Modern European Society (New York: Routledge, 2000).
Robert M. Kingdon, ed., Transition and Revolution: Problems and Issues of European Renaissance and Reformation History (Minneapolis: Burgess, 1974).
Diarmaid MacCulloch, The Reformation: A History (New York: Viking, 2003).
Alister McGrath, Reformation Thought: An Introduction, 2d ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1993).
John W. O’Malley, S.J., ed., Catholicism in Early Modern Europe: A Guide to Research (St. Louis: Center for Reformation Research, 1982).
Steven Ozment, ed. Reformation Europe: A Guide to Research (St. Louis: Center for Reformation Research, 1982).
Steven Ozment, The Age of Reform (1250-1550): An Intellectual and Religious History of Late Medieval and Reformation Europe (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1980).
Eugene F. Rice, Jr., and Anthony Grafton, Foundations of Early Modern Europe, 1460-1559, 2d ed. (New York: Norton, 1994).
Robert W. Scribner, The German Reformation (Atlantic Highlands: Macmillan, 1986).
Robert W. Scribner, Religion and Culture in Germany (1400-1800), ed. Lyndal Roper (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2001).
Robert W. Scribner, et al., eds., The Reformation in National Context (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
James D.Tracy, Europe’s Reformations 1450-1650 (New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 1999).
An Age of Reforms

Karl S. Bader, "Approaches to Imperial Reform at the End of the Fifteenth Century," in Gerald Strauss, ed., Pre-Reformation Germany (London: Macmillan, 1972), 136-161.
Gerhard Benecke, Maximilian I (1459-1519): An Analytic Biography (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982).
Anthony Black, Council and Commune: The Conciliar Movement and the Fifteenth-Century Heritage (London, 1979).
Wim Blockmans, Emperor Charles V, 1500-1558, trans. Isola van den Hoven-Vardon (London: Arnold, 2002).
Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Turing Swiss: Cities and Empire, 1450-1550 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Étienne Delaruelle, E.-R. Labande, and Paul Ourliac, L'église au temps du grand schisme et de la crise conciliaire (1378-1449), 2 vols. (Paris: Bloud & Gay, 1962).
Jean Favier, Les Finances pontificales à l'époque du grand schisme d'Occident, 1378-1409 (Paris: Editions de Boccard, 1966).
Fritz Hartung, "Imperial Reform, 1485-1495: Its Course and Character," in Pre-Reformation Germany, 73-135.
Hermann Heimpel, "Characteristics of the Late Middle Ages in Germany," in Pre-Reformation Germany, 43-72.
Francis Oakley, Natural Law, Conciliarism and Consent in the Late Middle Ages: Studies in Ecclesiastical and Intellectual History (London, 1984).
Francis Oakley, The Western Church in the Late Middle Ages (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1979).
Joachim W. Stieber, Pope Eugenius IV, the Council of Basel and the Secular and Ecclesiastical Authorities in the Empire: The Conflict Over Supreme Authority and Power in the Church (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1978).
Gerald Strauss, ed., Manifestations of Discontent in Germany on the Eve of the Reformation (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1971).
Gerald Strauss, ed., Pre-Reformation Germany (London: Macmillan, 1979).
Phillip H. Stump, The Reforms of the Council of Constance, 1414-1418 (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994).
Hillay Zmora, State and Nobility in Early Modern Germany: The Knightly Feud in Franconia, 1440-1567 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997).


Order and Disorder in Late Medieval Europe

John Bossy, "The Mass as a Social Institution," Past & Present 100 (1983): 29-61.
John Bossy, "The Social History of Confession in the Age of the Reformation," Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 25 (1975): 21-38.
Caroline Walker Bynum, Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987).
Davis, Natalie Zemon. "Some Tasks and Themes in the Study of Popular Religion," in The Pursuit of Holiness in Late Medieval and Renaissance Religion ed., Charles Trinkaus and Heiko A. Oberman (Leiden: Brill, 1974): 207-238.
Peter A. Dykema and Heiko A. Oberman, eds., Anticlericalism in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1993).
Eamon Duffy, The Stripping of the Altars: Traditional Religion in England 1400-1580 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992).
Johan Huizinga, The Autumn of the Middle Ages, trans. Rodney J. Payton and Ulrich Mammitzsch (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996).
Katherine Ludwig Jansen, The Making of the Magdalen: Preaching and Popular Devotion in the Later Middle Ages (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).
Gordon Leff, Heresy in the Later Middle Ages: The Relation of Orthodoxy to Dissent, c. 1250-c. 1450 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1967).
Bernd Moeller, "Piety in Germany Around 1500," in Steven Ozment, ed., The Reformation in Medieval Perspective (Chicago: Quadrangle, 1971), 50-75.
Bernd Moeller, "Religious Life in Germany on the Eve of the Reformation," in Gerald Strauss, ed., Pre-Reformation Germany (London: Macmillan, 1970), 13-42.
Heiko A. Oberman, The Harvest of Medieval Theology: Gabriel Biel and Late Medieval Nominalism (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963).
Steven E. Ozment, ed., The Reformation in Medieval Perspective (Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1974).
Lionel Rothkrug, "Popular Religion and Holy Shrines: Their Influence on the Origins of the German Reformation and Their Role in German Cultural Development," in James Obelkevich, ed., Religion and the People, 800-1700 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979), 20-86.
Lionel Rothkrug, "Religious Practices and Collective Perceptions: Hidden Homologies in the Renaissance and Reformation," Historical Reflections/Réflexions Historiques 7 (1980): 1-264.
Miri Rubin, Corpus Christi: The Eucharist in Late Medieval Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).
Robert W. Scribner, "Ritual and Popular Belief in Catholic Germany at the Time of the Reformation," Journal of Ecclesiastical History 35 (1984): 47-77.
R.N. Swanson, Religion and Devotion in Europe, c. 1215-c. 1515 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Thomas N. Tentler, Sin and Confession on the Eve of the Reformation (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977).
Charles Trinkhaus and Heiko A. Oberman, eds., The Pursuit of Holiness in Late Medieval and Renaissance Religion: Papers from the University of Michigan Conference (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1974).
André Vauchez, The Laity in the Late Middle Ages, trans. Margery J. Schneider (North Bend: Notre Dame University Press, 1993).
André Vauchez, Sainthood in the Later Middle Ages, trans. Jean Birrell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).
Charles Zika, "Hosts, Processions and Pilgrimages: Controlling the Sacred in Fifteenth-Century Germany," Past & Present 118 (1988): 25-64.
Charles Zika and Dagmar Eichberger, eds., Dürer and His Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998).


Luther, the “Luther Affair,” and Clerical Reformation

Roland Bainton, Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (New York: Dutton, 1955).
Marjorie O'Rourke Boyle, Rhetoric and Reform: Erasmus' Civil Dispute with Luther (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983).
Martin Brecht, Martin Luther, 3 vols., trans. James L. Schaaf (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985).
Peter Newman Brooks, ed., Seven-Headed Luther: Essays in Commemoration of a Quincentenary, 1483-1983 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983).
Gerhard Brendler, Martin Luther: Theology and Revolution, trans. Claude R. Foster, Jr. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991).
Amy Nelson Burnett, Karlstadt and the Origins of the Eucharistic Controversy: A Study in the Circulation of Ideas (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).
Amy Nelson Burnett, The Yoke of Christ: Martin Bucer and Christian Discipline (Kirksville: Northeast Missouri State University Press, 1994).
Owen Chadwick, The Early Reformation on the Continent (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
Erik H. Erikson, Young Man Luther: A Study in Psychoanalysis and History (New York: Norton, 1962).
Ulrich Gäbler, Huldrych Zwingli: His Life and Work, trans. Ruth C.L. Gritsch (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1987)
Leif Grane, Martinus noster: Luther in the German Reform Movement, 1518-1521 (Mainz: Philip von Zabern, 1994).
Craig Harline, A World Ablaze: The Rise of Martin Luther and the Birth of the Reformation (New York: Oxford University Press, 2017).
Thomas Kaufmann, Luther's Jews: A Journey into Anti-Semitism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).
Clyde Manschreck, Melanchthon: The Quiet Reformer (New York: Abingdon Press, 1958).
Alister E. McGrath, Luther's Theology of the Cross: Martin Luther's Theological Breakthrough (Oxford: Blackwell, 1985).
Natalia Nowakowska, King Sigismund of Poland and Martin Luther: The Reformation before Confessionalization (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018).
Heiko A. Oberman, Luther: Man Between God and the Devil, trans. Eileen Walliser-Schwarzbart (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989).
Heiko A. Oberman, The Reformation: Roots and Ramifications, trans. Andrew Colin Gow (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1994).
Steven Ozment, Protestants: The Birth of a Revolution (New York: Doubleday, 1992).
Calvin Augustine Pater, Karlstadt as the Father of the Baptist Movements: The Emergence of Lay Protestantism (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984).
Andrew Pettegree, ed., The Early Reformation in Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
G.R. Potter, Zwingli (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976).
Richard Rex, The Making of Martin Luther (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017).
Lyndal Roper, Martin Luther: Renegade and Prophet (New York: Random House, 2017).
Eric Leland Saak, Luther and the Reformation of the Later Middle Ages (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017).
Heinz Schilling, Martin Luther; Reben in an Age of Upheaval (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).
W.P. Stephens, The Theology of Huldrych Zwingli (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).
W.P. Stephens, Zwingli: An Introduction to His Thought (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).
Robert C. Walton, Zwingli’s Theocracy (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1967).
Jared Wicks, Luther's Reform: Studies on Conversion and the Church (Mainz: Philip von Zabern, 1992).


An Urban Event? The Reformation in the Cities

Lorna Jane Abray, The People’s Reformation: Magistrates, Clergy, and Commons in Strasbourg, 1500-1598 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985).
Pamela Biel, Doorkeepers at the House of Righteousness: Heinrich Bullinger and the Zurich Clergy, 1535-1575 (New York: P. Lang, 1991).
Susan Brigden, London and the Reformation (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990).
Miriam Usher Chrisman, Strasbourg and the Reform: A Study in the Process of Change (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967).
Philip Benedict, ed. Cities and Social Change in Early Modern France (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1989).
Philip Benedict, Rouen During the Wars of Religion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).
Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Communities, Politics and Reformation in Early Modern Europe (Boston: E.J. Brill, 1998).
Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Protestant Politics: Jacob Sturm (1489-1553) and the German Reformation (Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press, 1995).
Thomas A. Brady, Jr., Ruling Class, Regime and Reformation at Strasbourg, 1520-1555 (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1978).
Christopher W. Close, The Negotiated Reformation: Imperial Cities and the Politics of Urban Reform, 1525-1550 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).
James Farr, Hands of Honor: Artisans and Their Work in Dijon (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988).
Kaspar von Greyerz, The Late City Reformation in Germany: The Case of Colmar, 1522-1628 (Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1980).
Hans R. Guggisberg, Basel in the Sixteenth Century: Aspects of the City Republic Before, During, and After the Reformation (St. Louis: Center for Reformation Research, 1982).
R. Po-Chia Hsia, Society and Religion in Münster, 1535-1618 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984).
Steven E. Ozment, The Reformation in the Cities: The Appeal of Protestantism to Sixteenth-Century Germany and Switzerland (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975).
Gerald Strauss, Nuremberg in the Sixteenth Century: City Politics and Life between Middle Ages and Modern Times, rev. ed. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1976).
Peter G. Wallace, Communities and Conflict in Early Modern Colmar, 1575-1730 (Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press, 1995).
Lee Palmer Wandel, "Envisioning God: Image and Liturgy in Reformation Zurich," Sixteenth Century Journal 24 (1993): 21-40.
Lee Palmer Wandel, Voracious Idols and Violent Hands: Iconoclasm in Reformation Zurich, Strasbourg, and Basel (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
Joachim Whaley, Religious Toleration and Social Change in Hamburg, 1529-1819 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
Kristin E.S. Zapalac, "In his image and likeness": Political Iconography and Religious Change in Regensburg, 1500-1600 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990).


Revolution of the Common Man?

A) The Peasants' War and Reformation
Janos Bak, ed., The German Peasant War of 1525 (London: F. Cass, 1976).
Peter Blickle, Communal Reformation: The Quest for Salvation in Sixteenth-Century Germany, trans. Thomas Dunlap (Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press, 1992).
Peter Blickle, The Revolution of 1525: The German Peasants' War From a New Perspective, trans. Thomas A. Brady, Jr., and H.C. Erik Midelfort (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981).
Peter Blickle, From the Communal Reformation to the Revolution of the Common Man, trans. Beat Kümin (Leiden: Brill, 1998).
Peter Blickle, Obedient Germans? A Rebuttal, trans. Thomas A. Brady, Jr. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1997).
Friedrich Engels (1820-1895), The Peasant War in Germany, rev. ed., trans. Moissaye J. Olgin (New York: International Publishers, 1966).
Paul H. Freedman, Images of the Medieval Peasant (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999).
Abraham Friesen, Reformation and Utopia: The Marxist Interpretation of the Reformation and its Antecedents (Wiesbaden: F. Steiner, 1974).
Randolph C. Head, Early Modern Democracy in the Grisons: Social Order and Political Language in a Swiss Mountain Canton, 1470-1620 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Robert M. Kingdon, "The Protestant Reformation as a Revolution: The Case of Geneva," Journal of the Historical Society 1 (2000-01): 101-108
Keith Moxey, Peasants, Warriors, and Wives: Popular Imagery in the Reformation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989).
Paul A. Russell, Lay Theology in the Reformation: Popular Pamphleteers in Southwest Germany, 1521-1525 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).
Tom Scott, Freiburg and the Breisgau: Town-Country Relations in the Age of Reformation and Peasants' War (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986).
Robert W. Scribner, For the Sake of Simple Folk: Popular Propaganda for the German Reformation, 2d ed. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).
Robert W. Scribner, Popular Culture and Popular Movements in Reformation Germany (London: Hambledon Press, 1988).
Robert W. Scribner and Gerhard Benecke, eds., The German Peasants’ War of 1525: New Viewpoints (Boston : Allen & Unwin, 1979).

B) 'Radical Reformation'
Anthony Arthur, The Tailor King: The Rrise and Fall of the Anabaptist Kingdom of Münster (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999).
Harold Bender, Conrad Grebel, 1498-1526: The Founder of the Swiss Brethren, Sometimes Called Anabaptists (Scottsdale: Herald Press, 1971).
Claus-Peter Clasen, Anabaptism: A Social History, 1525-1618: Switzerland, Austria, Moravia, South and Central Germany (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1972).
Michael Driedger, Obedient Heretics: Mennonite Identities in Lutheran Hamburg and Altona during the Confessional Age (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002)
Hans-Jürgen Goertz, The Anabaptists (London: Routledge, 1996).
Hans-Jürgen Goertz and James M. Stayer, eds., Radikalität und Dissent im 16. Jahrhundert / Radicalism and Dissent in the Sixteenth Century (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2002).
Hans J. Hillerbrand, A Fellowship of Discontent (New York:  Harper & Row, 1967).
Walther Klaassen, Living at the End of the Ages: Apocalyptic Expectation in the Radical Reformation (Lanham: University Press of America, 1992).
Werner O. Packull, Hutterite Beginnings: Communitarian Experiments during the Reformation (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995).
R. Emmet McLaughlin, Caspar Schwenckfeld, Reluctant Radical: His Life to 1540 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986).
Michael A. Mullett, Radical Religious Movements in Early Modern Europe (London: Allen & Unwin, 1980).
Michael A. Mullett, Popular Culture and Popular Protest in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (London: Croom Helm, 1987).
James M. Stayer, The German Peasants' War and Anabaptist Community of Goods (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1991).
Peter H. Stephenson, The Hutterian People: Ritual and Rebirth in the Evolution of Communal Life (Lanham: University Press of America, 1991).
Gary K. Waite, David Joris and Dutch Anabaptism, 1524-1543 (Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1990).
George H. Williams, The Radical Reformation, 3d ed. (Kirksville: Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers, 1992).
John Yoder, "The Turning Point of the Zwinglian Reformation," Mennonite Quarterly Review 32 (1958): 128-140.


Reformation, Gender, and the Family

Judith Brown, Immodest Acts: The Life of a Lesbian Nun in Renaissance Italy (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986).
Natalie Zemon Davis, "Women on Top," in her Society and Culture in Early Modern France (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1975), 124-151.
Jack Goody, The Development of Marriage and the Family in Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).
Joel F. Harrington, Reordering Marriage and Society in Reformation Germany (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Martin Ingram, Church Courts, Sex and Marriage in England, 1570-1640 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
Olwen Hufton, The Prospect Before Her: A History of Women in Western Europe, 1500-1800 (New York: HarperCollins, 1995).
Robert M. Kingdon, Adultery and Divorce in Calvin's Geneva (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995).
Leah Leaneman, Sexuality and Social Control: Scotland 1660-1780 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1989).
Amy Leonard, Nails in the Wall: Catholic Nuns in Reformation Germany (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005).
Sherrin Marshall, ed., Women in Reformation and Counter-Reformation Europe: Private and Public Worlds (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1989).
Steven Ozment, When Fathers Ruled: Family Life in Reformation Europe (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983).
Roderick Phillips, Putting Asunder: A History of Divorce in Western Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).
Lyndal Roper, The Holy Household: Women and Morals in Reformation Augsburg (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988).
Lyndal Roper, Oedipus and the Devil: Witchcraft, sexuality and religion in early modern Europe (London: Routledge, 1994).
Lyndal Roper, Witch Craze: Terror and Fantasy in Baroque Germany (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004).
Ulinka Rublack, The Crimes of Women in Early Modern Germany (Oxford: Clarendon, 2001).
Thomas Max Safley, Let No Man Put Asunder: The Control of Marriage in the German Southwest: A Comparative Study 1550-1600 (Kirksville: Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers, 1984).
Jeffrey Watt, The Making of Modern Marriage: Matrimonial Control and the Rise of Sentiment in Neuchâtel, 1550-1800 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992).
Merry Wiesner, Gender, Church, and State in Early Modern Germany (London: Longman, 1998).
Joy Wiltenburg, Disorderly Women and Female Power in the Street Literature of Early Modern England and Germany (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1992).
Heide Wunder, He is the Sun, She is the Moon: Women in Early Modern Germany (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998).


The Second Reformation

Pamela Biel, Doorkeepers at the House of Righteousness: Heinrich Bullinger and the Zurich Clergy, 1535-1575 (New York: P. Lang, 1991).
Philip Benedict, Christ's Churches Purely Reformed: A Social History of Calvinism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002).
William J. Bouwsma, John Calvin: A Sixteenth-Century Portrait (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).
Patrick Collinson, English Puritanism (London: Historical Association, 1983).
Patrick Collinson, The Elizabethan Puritan Movement (Berkeley: University of California Press 1967).
Phyllis Mack Crew, Calvinist Preaching and Iconoclasm in the Netherlands, 1544-1569 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978).
A.G. Dickens, The English Reformation (University Park: The Pennsylvania State University, 1964).
Natalie Zemon Davis, "City Women and Religious Change," in her Society and Culture in Early Modern France (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1975), 65-96.
Barbara B. Diefendorf, Beneath the Cross: Catholics and Huguenots in Sixteenth-Century Paris (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991).
Carlos M.N. Eire, The War Against the Idols: The Reformation of Worship from Erasmus to Calvin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).
Christopher Elwood, The Body Broken: The Calvinist Doctrine of the Eucharist and the Symbolization of Power in Sixteenth-Century France (Oxford: Oxvord University Press, 1999).
Bruce Gordon, The Swiss Reformation (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002).
Ole Peter Grell, Brethren in Christ: A Calvinist Network in Reformation Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).
Hans R. Guggisberg, "The Defence of Religious Toleration and Religious Liberty in Early Modern Europe: Arguments, Pressures, and Some Consequences," History of European Ideas 4 (1983): 35-50.
Christopher Haigh, English Reformations: Religion, Politics, and Society under the Tudors (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).
Christopher Haigh, ed., The English Reformation Revised (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
Robert M. Kingdon, Myths about the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacres, 1572-1576 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988).
Robert M. Kingdon, Adultery and Divorce in Calvin's Geneva (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995).
Robert M. Kingdon, Geneva and the Consolidation of the French Protestant Movement, 1564-1572 (Geneva: Droz, 1967).
Robert M. Kingdon, Geneva and the Coming of the Wars of Religion in France, 1555-1563 (Geneva: Droz, 1956).
Robert M. Kingdon, "The Control of Morals in Calvin’s Geneva," in Lawrence P. Buck and Jonathan W. Zophy, eds., The Social History of the Reformation (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1972).
Alister E. McGrath, A Life of John Calvin: A Study in the Shaping of Western Culture (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990).
E. William Monter, Calvin’s Geneva (New York: Wiley 1967).
Graeme Murdock, Calvinism on the Frontier, 1600-1660: International Calvinism and the Reformed Church in Hungary and Transylvania (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000). William G. Naphy, Calvin and the Consolidation of the Genevan Reformation (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996).
Andrew Pettegree, Emden and the Dutch Revolt: Exile and the Development of Reformed Protestantism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).
Heinz Schilling, Civic Calvinism in Northwestern Germany and the Netherlands: Sixteenth to Nineteenth Centuries (Kirksville: Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers, 1991).
François Wendel, Calvin: Origins and Development of His Religious Thought, trans. Philip Mairet (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1997).


The Reformation and the State

Thomas A. Brady, Jr., 'Princes' Reformation versus Urban Liberty: Strasbourg and the Restoration in Wurttemberg, 1534', in Ingrid Batori, ed., Städtische Gesellschaft und Reformation (Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1980), 265-91.
Robert Bireley, S.J., Religion and Politics in the Age of the Counter-Reformation: Emperor Ferdinand II and William Lamormaini, S.J. and the Formation of Imperial Policy (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981).
Henry Cohn, "Church Property in the German Protestant Principalities," in E.I. Kouri and Tom Scott, eds., Politics and Society in Reformation Europe. (London, 1987).
Mark U. Edwards, Luther's Last Battles. Politics and Polemic, 1531-1546 (London, 1983).
Marc R. Forster, The Counter-Reformation in the Villages: Religion and Rreform in the Bishopric of Speyer, 1560-1720 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992).
Marc R. Forster, Catholic Revival in the Age of Baroque: Religious Identity in Southwest Germany, 1550-1750 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001).
Marc R. Forster, “With And Without Confessionalization: Varieties Of Early Modern German Catholicism,” Journal of Early Modern History 1 (1997): 315-343.
Brad Gregory, Salvation at Stake: Christian Martyrdom in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999).
Hans J. Hillebrand, Landqrave Philip of Hesse, 1504-1567:  Religion and Politics in the Reformation (St. Louis: Foundation for Reformation Research, 1967).
R. Po-chia Hsia, Social Discipline in the Reformation: Central Europe, 1550- 1750 (London: Routledge, 1989).
Howard Louthan, Converting Bohemia: Force and Persuasion in the Catholic Reformation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).
Diane Margolf, Religion and Royal Justice in Early Modern France: The Paris 'Chambre de l'Edit,' 1598-1665 (Kirksville: Truman State University Press, 2003).
H.C. Erik Midelfort, The Mad Princes of Renaissance Germany (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1994).
Bodo Nischan, Prince, People, and Confession. The Second Reformation in Brandenburg. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994).
Gerhard Oestreich, Neostoicism and the Early Modern State, ed. Brigitta Oestreich and H.G. Koenigsberger (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982).
Wolfgang Reinhard, “Pressures toward Confessionalization? Prolegomena to a Theory of a Confessional Age,” in C. Scott Dixon, ed., The German Reformation: The Essential Readings (London: Blackwell, 1999), 169-192.
Wolfgang Reinhard, “Reformation, Counter-Reformation, and the Early Modern State: A Reassessment,” in David M. Luebke, ed., The Counter-Reformation: The Essential Readings (London: Blackwell, 1999), 105-128.
Nancy Lyman Roelker, One King, One Faith: The Parlement of Paris and the Religious Reformations of the Sixteenth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996).
Heinz Schilling, Religion, Political Culture, and the Emergence of Early Modern Society: Essays In German And Dutch History (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1992).
Heinz Schilling, Civic Calvinism in Northwestern Germany and the Netherlands: Sixteenth To Nineteenth Centuries (Kirksville: Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers, 1991).
Ethan Shagan, The Rule of Moderation: Violence, Religion and the Politics of Restraint in Early Modern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).
Gerald Strauss, Law, Resistance and the State: The Opposition to Roman Law in Reformation Germany (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986).
Kristin Eldyss Sorensen Zapalac, 'In His Image and Likeness': Political Iconography and Religious Change in Regensburg, 1500-1600 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990).


Was the Reformation a Cultural Revolution?

Michael F. Graham, The Uses of Reform: Godly Discipline and Popular Behavior in Scotland and Beyond, 1560-1610 (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1996).
Bruce Gordon, Clerical Discipline and the Rural Reformation: The Synod in Zurich, 1532-1580 (New York, Peter Lang, 1992).
R. Po-chia Hsia, Social Discipline in the Reformation: Central Europe, 1550- 1750 (New York: Routledge, 1989).
Susan Karant-Nunn, The Reformation of Ritual: An Interpretation of Early Modern Germany (London: Routledge, 1997).
Susan Karant-Nunn, The Reformation of Feeling: Shaping the Religious Emotions of Early Modern Germany (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).
Craig M. Koslofsky, The Reformation of the Dead: Death and Ritual in Early Modern Germany, 1450-1700 (New York: St. Martin's, 2000).
Keith Luria, Territories of Grace: Cultural Change in the Seventeenth-Century Diocese of Grenoble (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).
Raymond A. Mentzer, ed., Sin and the Calvinists: Morals Control and the Consistory in the Reformed Tradition (Kirksville: Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers, 1994).
Geoffrey Parker, "Success and Failure During the First Century of the Reformation," Past & Present 136 (1992): 43-82.
Wolfgang Reinhard, "Reformation, Counter-Reformation, and the Early Modern State: A Reassessment," in David M. Luebke, ed., The Counter-Reformation: Essential Readings (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999), 105-128.
Heinz Schilling, Religion, Political Culture and the Emergence of Early Modern Society essays in German and Dutch History (New York: E.J. Brill, 1992).
Karen Spierling, Infant Baptism in Reformation Geneva: The Shaping of a Community, 1536-1564 (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2009).
Jesse Spohnholz, The Convent of Wesel: The Event that Never Was and the Invention of Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017).
Gerald Strauss, "Success and Failure in the German Reformation," Past & Present 67 (1975): 30-63.
Bruce Tolley, Pastors and Parishioners in Württemberg during the Late Reformation 1581-1621 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995).


Reformation Legacies

A) Charitable Relief in Reformation Europe
Susan Brigden, "Religion and Social Obligation in Early Sixteenth-Century London," Past and Present 103 (1984): 67-112.
Robert Jütte, "Poor Relief and Social Discipline in Sixteenth Century Europe," European Studies Review 11 (1981): 25-52.
Robert Jütte, Poverty and Deviance in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
Robert M. Kingdon, "Social Welfare in Calvin’s Geneva," American Historical Review  76 (1971): 50-70.
Thomas Max Safley, Charity and Economy in the Orphanages of Early Modern Augsburg (Boston: Humanities Press, 1997).
Thomas Max Safley, Children of the Laboring Poor: Expectation and Experience among the Orphans of Early Modern Aussburg (Leiden: Brill, 2005).
Thomas Max Safley, The Reformation of Charity: The Secular and the Religious in Early Modern Poor Relief (Leiden: Brill, 2003).
Lee Palmer Wandel, Always Among Us: The Poor in Zwingli’s Zurich (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

B) Print Culture
Roger Chartier, Cultural Uses of Print in Early Modern France, trans. Lydia Cochrane (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989).
Miriam U. Chrisman, Lay Culture, Learned Culture: Books and Social Shange in Strasbourg (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982).
Elizabeth L. Eisenstein, The Printing Press as an Agent of Change: Communications and Cultural Transformations in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979).
Elizabeth Evenden, Religion and the Book in Early Modern England: The Making of Foxe's 'Book of Martyrs' (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011).
Lucien Febvre and Martin, H-J. The Coming of the Book, trans. David Gerard (London: N.L.B., 1976).
John Frymire, The Primacy of the Postils: Catholics, Protestants, and the Dissemination of Ideas in Early Modern Germany (Leidon: Brill, 2010).
John D. Fudge, Commerce and Print in the Early Reformation (Leiden: Brill, 2007).
Jean François Gilmont, The Reformation and the Book (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1997).
Andrew Pettegree, Brand Luther: 1517, Printing, and the Making of the Reformation (New York: Penguin, 2015).
Robert W. Scribner, For the Sake of Simple Folk: Popular Propaganda for the German Reformation, 2d ed. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994).
Robert Scribner, "Oral Culture and the Diffusion of Reformation Ideas," History of European Ideas 5 (1984): 237-256.
Karen Spierling, Calvin and the Book: The Evolution of the Printed Word in Reformed Protestantism (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2015).

C) Education
Amy Nelson Burnett, Teaching the Reformation: Ministers and their Message in Basel, 1529-1629 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).
Karen E. Carter, Creating Catholics: Catechism and Primary Education in Early Modern France (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2011).
Christopher R. Friedrichs, "Whose House of Learning? Some Thoughts on German Schools in Post-Reformation Germany," History of Education Quarterly, 22 (1982), 371-377.
Howard Hotson, Commonplace Learning: Ramism and its German Ramifications, 1543-1630 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).
Andrew Pettegree, Reformation and the Culture of Persuasion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).
Gerald Strauss, Luther’s House of Learning: Indoctrination of the Young in the German Reformation (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978).

D) Coexistence
Duane J. Corpis, Crossing the Boundaries of Belief: Geographies of Religious Conversion in Southern Germany, 1648-1800 (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2014)
Benjamin Kaplan, Calvinists and Libertines: Confession and Community in Utrecht, 1578-1620 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1995).
Benjamin Kaplan, Divided by Faith: Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Belknap, 2007).
Christine Kooi, Calvinists and Catholics during Holland's Golden Age: Heretics and Idolaters (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012).
Christine Kooi, Liberty and Religion: Church and State in Leiden's Reformation, 1572-1620 (Leiden: Brill, 2000).
David M. Luebke, Hometown Religion: Regimes of Coexistence in Early Modern Westphalia (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2016).
Keith Luria, Sacred Boundaries: Religious Coexistence and Conflict in Early Modern France (Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 2005).
Jesse Spohnholz, The Tactics of Toleration: A Refugee Community in the Age of Religious Wars (New Ark: University of Delaware Press, 2011).
Wayne te Brake, Religious War and Religious Peace in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017).
Alexandra Walsham, Charitable Hatred: Tolerance and Intolerance in England, 1500-1700 (Birmingham: Manchester University Press, 2006).
Alexandra Walsahm, Church Papists: Catholicism, Conformity, and Confessional Polemic in Early Modern England (Rochester: Boydell, 1993).
Joachim Whaley, Religious Toleration and Social Change in Hamburg, 1529-1819 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).


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