Jeff is a contributor to "Early Warning, Timely Response," and the "1998, 1999, and 2000 President’s Annual Reports on School Safety." He has written a book on Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design for school administrators. Jeff has authored a book on school safety with Hill Walker for Guilford Publications (Sprague & Walker, 2005;, and a book on School Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports with Annemieke Golly (2005; In 2008 he published a book on Response to Intervention and Behavior Supports ( He has published more over 150 journal articles and book chapters. Dr. Sprague currently directs an R01 research project from the National Institute in Drug Abuse to conduct the first evaluation of the effects of Positive Behavior Supports in middle schools and is co-principal investigator on five Institute of Education Sciences Goal 2 development projects focusing on Positive Behavior Supports, Response to Intervention for behavior, classroom management, student self-management and PBIS implementation in Juvenile Justice settings.
Some of Dr. Sprague’s publications include:
Rusby, J.C., Crowley, R., Sprague, J., & Biglan, A. (in press). Observations of the middle school environment: Context for student behavior beyond the classroom. Psychology in the schools.
Cook, C.R., Rasetshwane, K., Sprague, J., Collins, T., Dart, E., Grant, S., & Truelson, E. (2011). Universal screening of students at-risk for internalizing disorders: Development and validation of the student internalizing behavior screener. Assessment for Effective Instruction 36(2), 71-79.
Nishioka, V., Coe, M., Burke, A., Hanita, M., and Sprague, J. (2011). Student-reported overt and relational aggression and victimization in grades 3–8. (Issues & Answers Report, REL 2011–No. 114). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratory Northwest. Retrieved from
Osher, D., Bear, G., Sprague, J., & Doyle, W. (2010). How Can We Improve School Discipline? Educational Researcher (39): 48-58.
Horner, R.H., Albin, R.A., Todd, A.W., Newton, S.J., & Sprague, J.R. (2010). Designing and implementing individualized positive behavior support. In M.E. Snell & F. Brown (Eds.), Instruction of Students with Severe Disabilities. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education (225-257).
Sprague, J. R., & Walker, H. M. (2010). Building safe and healthy schools to promote school success: Critical issues, current challenges, and promising approaches. In M. R. Shinn, H. M. Walker, & G. Stoner, eds. Interventions for achievement and behavior problems in a three-tier model including RTI. Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists (225-258).
Golly, A. & Sprague, J.R. (2009). Positive Behavior Support:  Goed gedrag kun je leren! Doelmatige strategieen voor in de school. Netherlands: Pica.
Varela, J.T. Tijmes, C. I., & Sprague, J.R.  (2009). Paz Educa Programa de prevención de la violencia escolar. Santiago, CI: Fundación Paz Ciudadana.
Nelson, C. M., Sprague, J. R., Jolivette, K., Smith, C. R., & Tobin, T. J. (2009). Positive behavior support in alternative education, community-based mental health, and juvenile justice settings. In W. Sailor, G. Dunlap R. H. Horner,  & G. Sugai (Eds.), Handbook of positive behavior support (pp. 465-4960). New York: Springer.
Sprague, J. R., & Perkins-Rowe, K. A. (2009). Direct and collateral effects of the First Step to Success Program: Replication and extension of findings. Journal of Positive Behavioral Interventions [add volume and page number]
Nelson, M.C., Sprague, J.R., Jolivette, K. Smith, C. & Tobin, T. (2009) Positive behavior support in alternative education, community-based mental health and juvenile justice settings. The Handbook of Positive Behavior Supports.
Osher, D. Sprague, S., Axelrod, J., Keenan, S., Weissberg, R., Kendziora, K., & Zins, J. (2007). A comprehensive approach to addressing behavioral and academic challenges in contemporary schools in J. Grimes & A. Thomas (Eds.) Best Practices in School Psychology (5th Edition).
Sprague, J .R., Nishioka, V. N., & Smith, S. G. (2007). Safe schools, positive behavior supports, and mental health. In M. Furlong & S. Jimerson (eds.)  Lessons learned from three safe schools/healthy students communities.
Walker, H. M., & Sprague, J. R. (2007). Early, evidence-based intervention with school-related behavior disorders: Key issues, continuing challenges, and promising practices.  In J. B. Crockett, M. M. Gerber, & T. J. Landrum (Eds.), Achieving the radical reform of special education: Essays in honor of James M. Kauffman (pp. 37-58). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Sprague, J., & Horner, R. (2007).  School Wide Positive Behavioral Support. In S. R. Jimerson & M. J. Furlong (Eds.), Handbook of school violence and school safety: From research to practice. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Sprague, J. R.  & Golly, A. (2004). Best Behavior: Building positive behavior support in schools. Longmont, Colorado:  Sopris West Educational Services.
Sprague, J. R., & Walker, H. M. (2005).  Safe and healthy schools: Practical Prevention Strategies.  New York, New York: Guilford Press.
Schneider, T., Walker, H. M., & Sprague, J. R. (2000).  Safe school design: A handbook for educational leaders.  Eugene, OR: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, College of Education, University of Oregon.
Tobin, T. J., & Sprague, J. (2003). Alternative educational programs: Accommodating tertiary level, at-risk students. In M. R. Shinn, G. Stoner, & H. M. Walker (Eds.), Interventions for academic and behavior problems II: Preventive and remedial approaches (2nd ed.), (pp. 961-992). Silver Spring, Maryland: National Association of School Psychologists (NASP).
Paine, C.K, & Sprague, J. (2002).  Dealing With a School Shooting Disaster: Lessons Learned From Springfield, Oregon.  Emotional and Behavioral Disorders in Youth, 2(2), 35-40.
Sprague, J., Walker, H., Golly, A., White, K., Myers, D. R., Shannon, T. (2001). Translating Research into Effective Practice: The Effects of a Universal Staff and Student Intervention on Indicators of Discipline and School Safety.  Education and Treatment of Children, 24(4) 495-511.
Sprague, J., Walker, H., Sowards, S., Van Bloem, C., Eberhardt, P., & Marshall, B. (2002). Sources of Vulnerability to School Violence:  Systems-Level Assessment and Strategies to Improve Safety and Climate.  In M.R. Shinn, G. Stoner, and H.M. Walker (Eds.), Interventions for Academic and Behavior Problems II: Preventive and Remedial Approaches, (2nd ed.), (pp. 295-314).
Jeff is a native Oregonian, husband and father of 2 girls who fly bicycles, runs, fishes and plays guitar.

Jeffrey Sprague Ph.D.
Phone: (541) 346-2465
Curriculum vitae

Jeffrey Sprague
is a Professor of Special Education and Director of the University of Oregon Institute on Violence and Destructive Behavior. He directs federal, state and local research and demonstration projects related to positive behavior interventions and supports, response to intervention, youth violence prevention, alternative education, juvenile delinquency prevention and treatment, and school safety. His research activities encompass applied behavior analysis, positive behavior supports, behavioral response to intervention, functional behavioral assessment, school safety, youth violence prevention, and juvenile delinquency prevention. Dr. Sprague began his career as a teacher of students with low incidence cognitive disabilities, and his early career research was focused primarily in this content area. In 1990 and 1997, Dr. Sprague coauthored the first guide to Functional Behavioral Assessment (O’Neill et al., 1997).