Moursund, D.G. (2002). Obtaining resources for technology in education: A how-to guide for writing proposals, forming partnerships, and raising funds. Copyright (c) David Moursund, 2002.
A well written grant proposal addresses a clearly stated problem. It discusses why the problem is important and what is known about how to effectively solve the problem. The proposal includes appropriate reference citations. The References section of the Oregon Technology in Education Website has been specifically designed to be of use to proposal writers. The reference section given below focuses mainly on grant writing itself and is designed to help people who want to learn more about grant writing and other ways to obtain resources.
References and Resources
Achieving Partnership: Building School Business Relationships That Produce Results [Online]. Maryland Business Roundtable for Education. Accessed 6/30/02: http://www.mbrt.org/achievin.htm.Topics discussed in the Website:
AlphaSmart Grant Basics. Accessed 1/3/04: http://www.alphasmart.com/solutions/grants_basics.html.
American Association of Fund-Raising Counsel (AAFRC) [Online]. Accessed 11/17/01: http://www.aafrc.org/index.html.
AAFRC is a trade association that provides consulting (for a fee) to nonprofit organizations that are developing fund-raising campaigns, such as capital campaigns. It publishes Giving USA: The Annual Report on Philanthropy. This report provides information on more than $200 billion of philanthropic activity during the previous wear, and quarterly updates are also published.
Apple Education Research Reports. [online]. Accessed 11/18/01: http://www.apple.com/education/k12/leadership/acot/library.html.
This 1996 collection of reports that highlight the role of technology in teaching and learning. This volume brings together the latest information on research from the Apple Classroom of Tomorrow (ACOT) projects, as well as information on research from other institutions. ACOT is a research-and-development collaborative that unites public schools, universities, research agencies, and Apple Computer, Incorporated. Ten years, of ACOT researcher have examined the effects of immediate access to technology on teaching and learning.
Austin, Tackett et al. (1993). The Technology Advisory Council: A Vehicle for Improving Our Schools. Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education.
Discusses the idea of a school site-based technology advisory council (TAC). Describes how to create a TAC and some of the ways it can work to improve education. Includes an annotated bibliography and a number of important information sources.
Benton Foundation: Funders Supportive of Communications Technology [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://www.benton.org/Practice/Toolkit/techmoney.html. Quoting from the Website:
The Benton Foundation seeks to expand the frontiers of nonprofit and noncommercial use of new media. Our program in Communications Capacity Building (CCB) focuses on helping nonprofits enhance the impact of their work through more effective use of communications technologies and digital media (two terms synonymous to us).
Bundy, Jennifer (Oct 7 2002). Grants Fill in Gaps at State's Schools. The Associated Press Charleston. Accessed 11/8/02: http://www.publiceducation.org/news/100702.asp. Quoting from the Website:
Mannington, West Virginia. Carol Malcolm and Nancy Michael are award winning teachers who turn their classes over to substitutes at least once a month so they can sit in a hallway with a laptop and a pile of papers poring over grant applications. Without the grants, students at Blackshere Elementary would receive an adequate education, but the two want the school to be more than just adequate. "We are in a high poverty area. Our kids would not have been exposed to a lot of the extra things otherwise," Malcolm says. "They are not the kinds of kids that get to go to the theater and the extra things, museums." Grants sought by classroom teachers can be a sign of enthusiasm and inventiveness. They also can mean that schools are underfunded. If West Virginia's school-age population continues to decline, as Department of Education projections say it will, there will be even less money for schools because state funding is linked to enrollment.
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) [Online]. Accessed 12/28/01: http://www.cfda.gov/default.htm. Quoting from the Website:
This web site gives you access to a database of all Federal programs available to State and local governments (including the District of Columbia); federally-recognized Indian tribal governments; Territories (and possessions) of the United States; domestic public, quasi-public, and private profit and nonprofit organizations and institutions; specialized groups; and individuals. You can search this database to find assistance programs meeting your requirements and for which you are eligible. You can then contact the office that administers the program and find out how to apply. Also available on this site are several aids to guide you in the writing of a proposal to apply for assistance. Browse the CFDA Contents page to learn more about them.
Charity Channel [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://CharityChannel.com/GuestShare/.
Various documents, including some grant proposals, are posted on this site.
Chicago Pubic Schools: Grants$ [Online]. Accessed 11/18/01: http://www.csc.cps.k12.il.us/grants/. Quoting from the Website:
Grants Administration and Development (GAD) is committed to assisting all units of the Chicago Public Schools (CPS) in obtaining and implementing supplemental competitive and formula-driven grants to develop programs that will enhance student achievement.
Chronicle of Philanthropy (The) : The Newspaper of the Nonprofit World, [Online]. Accessed 11/18/01: http://www.philanthropy.com/. Quoting from the Website:
The Chronicle of Philanthropy is the newspaper of the nonprofit world. It is the No. 1 news source, in print and online, for charity leaders, fund raisers, grant makers, and other people involved in the philanthropic enterprise.
This organization is designed for people and groups that want to start a foundation or who run a foundation. "The Council on Foundations is a membership organization that serves the public good by promoting and enhancing responsible and effective philanthropy." However, the site includes some links of interest to grant writers.
Coventry, Cate (January 2004). Starting a school foundation. National School boards Association: Leadership Insider. Accessed 1/19/04: http://www.nsba.org/site/docs/32800/32703.pdf.
DonorsChoice [Online]. Accessed 4/25/02: http://donorschoose.org/index.html.
This Website contains a large number of short proposals from teachers requesting funding. It also contains a number of copies of proposals that have been funded. Quoting from the Website of this nonprofit organization:At this website, public school teachers in NYC can propose activities that would benefit their students, and concerned citizens can select proposals they want to fund. Since DonorsChoose was launched by a Bronx teacher in the Spring of 2000, proposals have ranged from "SAT Review Books for my English Class" to "Origami Materials for World Trade Center Memorial Project." After funding a proposal, the citizen philanthropist receives photographs, student thank-you notes, a teacher letter, and receipts.
This is the "Bible" of US Department of Education rules and regulations that are applicable to grants.
Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) [Online]. Accessed 12/28/01: http://www.eric.ed.gov/. Quoting from the Website:
The Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) is a national information system designed to provide ready access to an extensive body of education-related literature. Established in 1966, ERIC is supported by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Educational Research and Improvement and is administered by the National Library of Education (NLE).
Education World: Grants Center [Online]. Accessed 11/21/0: http://www.education-world.com/grants/.
Provides an extensive amount of information on grant writing, possible sources of funding, and other aids to grant writers and fund raisers.
Eisenhower National Clearinghouse [Online]. Accessed 12/28/01: http://www.enc.org/ . Quoting from the Website:
ENC's mission is to identify effective curriculum resources, create high-quality professional development materials, and disseminate useful information and products to improve K-12 mathematics and science teaching and learning.
eSchool News online: Funding Center [Online]. Accessed 3/27/02: http://www.eschoolnews.com/resources/funding/. Quoting from the Website:
Your daily source for up-to-the-minute grant programs, funding sources, and technology funding information.
Federal Education Information Service (FEDIX) [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://content.sciencewise.com/fedix/index.htm?
FEDIX is an online database of federal grant and research opportunities for the education and research communities. Participating agencies include the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, Agency for International Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and Department of Agriculture.
Forecast of Funding Opportunities Under the Department of Education Discretionary Grant Programs. Accessed 4/27/03: http://www.ed.gov/offices/OCFO/grants/forecast.html. Quoting from the Website:
This document is advisory only and is not an official application notice of the Department of Education. We expect to provide updates to this document starting in the first week of November 2002 and continuing through July 2003.
Foundation Assets, Giving Wither In Wake of the Stock Market Swoon (November 6, 2002). Education Week. Accessed 11/8/02: http://www.edweek.com/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=10endow.h22.
This article gives an overview of cuts in foundation giving due to decreases in their assets (due to stock market declines). This comes at a time when foundations had been increasing their funding of education projects.
Foundation Center (The) [Online]. Accessed 11/18/01: http://fdncenter.org/ Quoting from the Website:
The Foundation Center's mission is to support and improve institutional philanthropy by promoting public understanding of the field and helping grant seekers succeed.
Foundations On-Line [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://www.foundations.org/. Quoting from the website:
A Directory of Charitable Grantmakers: You can browse the foundation directory, pick a listed foundation, search any foundation's information page or search any foundation's home page. Foundation home pages may contain downloadable information such as grant applications, periodical and financial reports, and e-mail capabilities.
Fullan, M.G. (1991). The New Meaning of Educational Change. New York: Teachers College Press.
Fullan has written (and continues to write) a number of books on educational change. He is considered to be one of the world's leaders in this area. The following April 2000 Phi Delta Kappan article captures his ways of thinking and ideas about educational reform:The Three Stories of Educational Reform [Online]. Accessed 11/30/01: http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/kful0004.htm
Fundsnet Online Services [Online]. Accessed 4/27/03: http://www.fundsnetservices.com/. Quoting from the Website:
Fundsnet Online Services, perhaps the most comprehensive site of its kind on the Internet today, is a privately owned Web site created in 1996 for the purpose of providing Nonprofit Organizations, Colleges and Universities with information on financial resources available on the Internet.
Getting Grants: Finding Funding Sources Online [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://www.libraryspot.com/features/grantsfeature.htm. Quoting from the Website:
Have a great idea and no money to drive it? The funding is out there, and with a little effort, it can be yours.
Educators are well aware of what volunteers can being to their classrooms and schools. Quoting from this Website:INDEPENDENT SECTOR's Giving and Volunteering in the United States 2002 is the seventh in a series of biennial national surveys that report trends in charitable behavior. For the 1.23 million charities, social welfare organizations, and religious congregations in the United States, giving and volunteering is at the heart of citizen action and central to their ability to serve their communities. This comprehensive study demonstrates once again the everyday generosity of Americans.
Grants and Related Resources: [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://www.lib.msu.edu/harris23/grants/4edfrais.htm. Quoting from the Website:
GrantsNet [Online]. Accessed 12/28/01. http://www.hhs.gov/grantsnet/. Quoting from the Website:
GrantsNet is an Internet application tool created by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Office of Grants Management (OGM) for finding and exchanging information about HHS and other Federal grant programs. GrantsNet serves the general public, the grantee community, and grant-makers (i.e. state and local governments, educational institutions, non-profit organizations, and commercial businesses). GrantsNet provides a variety of Department-wide grants policies governing the award and administration of grant activities, publishing these in grants policy directives, regulations, and/or manuals.
Grant Writing Tutorial from EPA, Purdue University [Online]. Accessed 6/4/01: http://www.epa.gov/seahome/grants/src/intro.htm. Quoting from the Website:
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognizes that lack of adequate funding may hamper the establishment of new or threaten existing environmental developing activities, such as solid waste management, in communities or non-profit organizations needing this kind of development. For this reason, EPA developed this program to help those communities and non-profit organizations identify financial assistance opportunities for their environmental-oriented development programs. Also, this program was developed to make it easier for applicants to produce more competitive grant applications.
Levenson, Stan (2002). Moving a School District Into Big-Time Fund Raising[Online]. Accessed 12/2/01: http://www.aasa.org/publications/
sa/2002_12/focus_levenson.htm. Quoting from the Website: .
Michigan Nonprofit Association (MNA) [Online]. Accessed 11/26/01: http://www.mna.msu.edu/home.html.
This site provides an example of a statewide organization and Website to support volunteerism and philanthropy.
Moursund, D.G. (1992). The Technology Coordinator. Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education.
This book is written for technology coordinators at the school and school district level. It includes information on job descriptions, necessary qualifications, and duties of technology coordinators.
Moursund, D.G. (1996, 2002). Increasing your expertise as
a problem solver: Some roles of computers [Online].
Accessed 11/17/01: http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~moursund/
This book examines the various resources, including human intelligence and education, needed in problem solving. It analyzes the roles of computers in these various resources and the overall role of computers as aids to problem solving. It also relates Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences to problem solving. The book focuses on helping people become better at solving problems in the areas that interest them.
Moursund, D.G. (2004). Brief Introduction to Roles of Computers in Problem Solving. Access at: http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~moursund/
This is a short book on problem solving, designed for a 1-credit course or a long workshop. For a shorter introduction to this area, see Moursund,D.G. (2002). Brief Introduction to Problem Solving. It is about the length of a substantial book chapter.
National Science Foundation (NSF) [Online]. Accessed 12/28/01: http://www.nsf.gov/. Quoting from the Website:
The National Science Foundation is an independent U.S. government agency responsible for promoting science and engineering through programs that invest over $3.3 billion per year in almost 20,000 research and education projects in science and engineering.
National Science Foundation (NSF) 02-2 Grant Proposal Guide, Effective January 1, 2002 [Online]. Accessed 12/4/01: http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?nsf022. Quoting from the Website:
The Grant Proposal Guide (GPG) provides guidance for the preparation and submission of proposals to the National Science Foundation (NSF). Some NSF programs have program solicitations that modify the general provisions of this Guide, and, in such cases, the guidelines provided in the solicitation must be followed. Contact with NSF program personnel prior to proposal preparation is encouraged.
Nonprofit Charitable Orgs [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://nonprofit.about.com/.
This site provides a lot of information about obtaining resources for a non-profit organization and running such an organization.
Non-Profit Guides: Navigational Tools for Non-Profit Organizations [Online]. Accessed 11/18/01: http://www.npguides.org/index.html.
Provides a variety of sample documents of value to a non-profit organization. Quoting from the Website: Quoting from the Website:The documents, information and any and all content on this website and proprietary rights to these documents, information and any and all content on this website are the property of the Author. Copies of these documents, information and any and all content on this website are freely provided to not-for-profit organizations and other charitable, educational, public and community minded organizations to use, however, the Author accepts no liability whatsoever for the validity of content or anything whatsoever contained in these documents, information and any and all content on this website.
NSF: The 2002 User-Friendly Guide to Project Evqaluation [Online]. Accessed 4/16/02: http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2002/nsf02057/start.htm.
An extensive guide designed for people who will be evaluating National Science Foundation projects. Includes instruction on general ideas of project evaluation.
Oracle Help Us Help Foundation [Online]. Accessed 9/13/02: http://www.helpushelp.org/. Quoting from the Website:
The Oracle Help Us Help Foundation is a nonprofit organization that assists K-12 public schools and youth organizations in economically challenged communities through grants of computer equipment and software. Our funding comes from Oracle Corporation, and we are supported by charitable donations from individuals and other corporations as well.
Public Education Network Weekly NewsBlast. This is an email newsletter. Sign up at http://www.publiceducation.org/news/signup.htm. This email newsletter contains a GRANT AND FUNDING INFORMATION section. Here is a sample announcement quoted from a newsletter published in January 2002.
This is a 22 page guide developed for use of faculty and staff at the University of Michigan. It is intended for faculty and staff members with little or no experience in writing proposals for sponsored activities.
Sample Grant Proposals [Online]. Accessed 6/21/02: http://www.schoolgrants.org/proposal_samples.htm.
This Website provides access to a number of successful educational grant proposals.
SchoolGrants! Your one-stop site for K-12 Grant Opportunities! [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://www.schoolgrants.org/.
This Website includes examples of a number of successful proposals and access to a free newsletter. Quoting from the website:The SchoolGrants Web site was launched in August, 1999, after searching for a model to use as I developed a site for my school district's Grants department. What I found on the Internet at that time related to grant opportunities and grant-writing, particularly for the K-12 community, was ... very little! It disturbed me that there was no single spot where small districts could go to find grant opportunities and other assistance to help them in finding funding for supplemental programs for their students. And, it seemed a shame not to share my knowledge with those who could not otherwise afford such information. To meet the needs I saw, working at night and on weekends, SchoolGrants was created.
SchoolPop. Accessed 1/12/03: http://www.schoolpop.com. Quoting from the Website:
It's easy to make a difference with Schoolpop. Shop at hundreds of online, store and catalog merchants, or subscribe for magazines, and a percentage of each purchase you make will be rebated to your school or youth organization.
Starr Linda (Updated 05/23/2004). Show Me the Money: Tips and Resources for Successful Grant Writing. Education World. Accessed 7/3/05: http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/profdev/profdev039.shtml
TCGI: The Grantsmanship Center [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://www.tgci.com/. Quoting from the Website:
TGCI was founded in 1972 to offer grantsmanship training and low-cost publications to nonprofit organizations and government agencies.
Teachers Teaching With Technology (TTT) [Online]. Accessed 12/10/01: http://www.t3ww.org/t3/funding.htm.
This is the Funding Sources page of the Texas Instruments TTT Website. It contains links to some funding sources as well as information about grant writing.
Trimble Susan (March 2002). Common Elements of High Performing, High Poverty Middle Schools [Online]. Middle School Journal. v33 n4. Accessed 6/28/02: http://www.nmsa.org/services/msj/msj_march2002.htm#a.
This research study examined five high performing middle schools that had high levels of at risk students. Quoting from the Website:Educators in each of these five schools recognized that the needs of their students called for effective programs and practices to address those needs. They recognized that current funding did not cover these "extras" and is often inadequate for those districts with low SES levels where the need for achievement gains is most apparent. As a result of seeing the need for extra programs and practices, these five schools worked to gain the fiscal support for the extras of reform (e.g., staff training; additional help for students; and large chunks of time for teachers and administrators to learn, implement, and sustain new ways of doing things). Federal programs such as Title I funds and the Comprehensive School Demonstration grants, and state programs such as school improvement grants became a source of funding for reform initiatives. A key component to raising achievement at these schools was the ability to access funds.
US Department of Education Technology Grant Programs [Online]. Accessed 11/21/01: http://www.ed.gov/Technology/edgrants.html.
A list and brief description of the wide scale technology grants currently being funded by the US Department of Education.
What is Education Business Partnership? [Online]. Accessed 6/30/02: http://www.ebp.org.uk/about/whatisebp.html.
This Website discusses Education-Business partnerships in Scotland. It illustrates how such partnerships have been systematically developed in that country.
Yap, Kim; Aldersebaes, Inge; Railsback, Jennifer; Shaughnessy, Joan; and Speth, Timothy (2002). Evaluating Whole-School Reform Efforts: A Guide for District and School Staff (2nd Edition) [Online]. Accessed 4/25/02: http://www.nwrac.org/whole-school. Quoting from the document:
The intention of this guidebook is to increase understanding about how to design and implement an evaluation plan that will help answer questions about program quality and effectiveness in accomplishing school improvement goals. Rather than turning to outside sources for evaluation expertise, schools can build their own knowledge and skills about how to evaluate whole-school reform efforts. As a result, schools will gain confidence in their ability to demonstrate that their efforts are making a difference in student achievement, as well as meet growing accountability requirements.
Yoder, Sharon & Smith, Irene. (1995). Lookin' Good: Elements of Document Design for Beginners. Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education.
This brief but comprehensive introduction to design and graphics considerations in desktop publishing is particularly suited to beginners without formal training in design.
Note to Self: It would be helpful to find more up to date, and online, references to replace the following:
Grobe, Terry; Curnan, Susan P.; & Melchior, Alan. (1990). Synthesis of Existing Knowledge and Practice in the Field of Educational Partnerships. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 325 535)
This report was commissioned by the Education Partnership Program of the U.S. Department of Education. It gives a concise overview of some partnerships operating on grants from the Department of Education and provides an excellent summary about educational partnerships.
Grobe, T. (1993). Synthesis of existing knowledge and practice in the field of educational partnerships. Washington, DC: Office of Educational Research and Improvement. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 362-994.)
An excellent resource for a person wanting to develop solid background knowledge about developing educational partnerships.
Additional References, not yet integrated into the book.
Secondary school principals are mighty busy these days, and obtaining grants and gifts for their schools is unfortunately becoming a major part of their job descriptions. While public schools have been struggling to meet the needs of all students, private schools, colleges, universities, and nonprofit organizations have been successfully raising billions of dollars each year by tapping into corporations, foundations, the government, and most important, private citizens, for large grants and gifts. Using sophisticated fundraising techniques taught in workshops and courses all over the country, a number of secondary school principals and others are looking beyond their traditional funding sources-- bake sales, pizza and candy sales, and car washes -- and are learning more sophisticated techniques for raising millions of dollars for their public schools. Sitting idle while private schools, colleges, universities, and nonprofit organizations reap all the rewards is not an option. If public schools are to compete for needed dollars, they must aggressively apply the fundraising strategies used so effectively by these other organizations. In this article, Stan Levenson outlines some practical help schools need to move their fundraising efforts into the big time. http://www.principals.org/news/pl_biggerpiece_0103.html (PEN Weekly NewsBlast for January 17, 2003)