Psychology 615 - Issues in Social & Personality Psychology

Spring 2003, Monday & Wednesdays, 10-11:50, 156 Straub Hall

Sara Hodges (331 Straub, 346-4919,
Office hours: Tuesdays 2 - 3

The purpose of this course is to introduce you to the major topics and issues of social and personality psychology, including individual differences in social behavior, social influence, the self in a social context, and interpersonal perception and interaction. An attempt has been made to place these topics in a larger context, providing an overview of major themes and highlighting current debates.

Reading and Responding
For each class, there are required readings available in the third floor copier room of Straub. You are expected to read the required articles prior to class. You are also asked to generate one or more questions or ideas in response to the readings for MOST classes (7 out of 9; and please, don't everyone save the last 2 readings as the ones you don't respond to!). Email your comments to all members of the class (let me know if you need an email list) and to me at If there is a guest speaker, please email your comments to the speaker too (email addresses are provided on the class schedule, below). Please send these emails by or before 8:45 a.m. on the day of class. These questions will be a part of our discussion each week. Your responses to the readings may also help you to develop possible ideas for your paper (described below). If the questions and ideas students bring in do not generate sufficient discussion, I will assign students to lead class discussions.

You will write a term paper (approximately 6-15 pages) for this section of Issues that can take one of two formats: a research proposal for one or more studies, or an original theoretical treatment of some topic covered in this course. If you are undecided, I suggest the research proposal, as it may be difficult for you to cover enough background reading in a 5-week overview class to write a theoretical paper (and the study or studies you propose could be the start of rewarding line of research!). The paper should reflect that you have been enrolled in this class (i.e., it should somehow reflect the subject matter, readings or discussions), but feel free to incorporate ideas from your own research or from other areas of psychology. A one-page (or more) plan for the paper is due by 5 pm Friday, April 25 (Arbor Day!). The final papers are due by 5 pm Monday, May 5 (Cinco de Mayo!). Papers should be written in APA style. I encourage you to discuss paper ideas with me - these discussions can occur at any point during the five weeks of the course.

There are two components of your grade, class participation (100 points) and the term paper (200 points). Your participation grade will be based on your contributions in class, which requires your presence, and your emailed questions and ideas.

If you have feedback about the course, especially negative feedback, please try to deliver it to me early on (by email, during office hours, in anonymous notes), so I have a better opportunity to address it and potentially improve the course.

Schedule of Readings
Monday March 31 - Introduction
Kenrick, D. T & Funder, D. C. (1988). Profiting from controversy: Lessons from the person-situation debate. American Psychologist, 43, 23-34.

Rozin, P. (2001). Social psychology and science: Some lessons from Solomon Asch. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 5, 2-14.

Wednesday April 2 - Guest Lecture: Gerard Saucier (
Personality, Social Attitude Structures, and Individual Differences
Readings TBA

Monday April 7 - Guest Lecture: Robert Mauro (
Readings - one can be found at this website (William James's chapter on "The Emotions" from his classic book, Principles of Psychology)
Other readings will be available in Straub 352.

Wednesday April 9 - Guest Lecture: Paul Slovic (
Affect, Reason, Risk & Rationality
Slovic, P., Finucane, M., Peters, E., & MacGregor, D. G. (in press). The affect heuristic. Chapter to appear in T. Gilovich, D. Griffin, & D. Kahneman, (Eds.), Intuitive Judgment: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
(Please ask Sara if you would like an electronic copy)

Monday April 14 - Groups and Status
Arrow, H. (1998). Standing out and fitting in: Composition effects on newcomer socialization. In In M. Neale, E. Mannix & D. H Gruenfeld, (Eds.), Research on Managing Groups and Teams, Vol. 1, Composition (pp. 59-80). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Snodgrass, S. E., Hecht, M. A., & Ploutz-Snyder, R. (1998). Interpersonal sensitivity: Expressivity or perceptivity? Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 74, 238-249.

Arrow, H., & Burns, K. L. (in press). Self-organizing culture: How norms emerge in small groups. Chapter to appear in M. Schaller and C. S. Crandall (Eds.), The psychological foundations of culture. Mahway, NJ: Erbaum.

Williams, K. D., & Sommer, K. L. (1997). Social ostracism by coworkers: Does rejection lead to loafing or compensation? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 693-706.

Wednesday April 16 - Accuracy and Bias in Person Perception
Ambady, N., Hallahan, M., & Conner, B. (1999). Accuracy of judgments of sexual orientation from thin slices of behavior. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 77, 538-547.

Kenny, D. A., & DePaulo, B. M. (1993). Do people know how others view them? An empirical and theoretical account. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 145-161.


Hodges, S. D., Klein, K. J. K., Veach, D., & Villanueva, B. R. (2003). Giving birth to empathy: The effects of similar experience on empathic accuracy, empathic concern, and perceived empathy. Unpublished manuscript, University of Oregon.

Murray, S. L., Holmes, J. G., Bellavia, G., Griffin, D. W., & Dolderman, D. (2002). Kindred spirits? The benefits of egocentrism in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 563-581.

Monday April 21 - Self/Other
Heine, S. J., & Lehman, D. R. (1999). Culture, self-discrepancies, and self-satisfaction. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin. 25, 915-925.

Hodges, S. D., Johnsen, A. T., & Scott, N. (2002). You're like me, no matter what you say. Psychologica Belgica, 42, 107-112.

Kruger, J. (1999). Lake Wobegon be gone! The "below-average effect" and the egocentric nature of comparative ability judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 221-232.

Van Boven, L. D., & Loewenstein, G. (in press). Projection of transient drive states. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

Alicke, M. D., Klotz, M. L., Breitenbecher, D. L., Yurak, T. J., & Vredenburg, D. S. (1995). Personal contact, individuation, and the better-than-average effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 804-825.

Wednesday April 23 - Guest Lecture: Bertram Malle ( bfmalle@darkwing)
Attribution and Explanation
Malle, B. F. (1999). How people explain behavior: A new theoretical framework. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3, 23-48.

Malle, B. F. (2003). Past research on attribution and behavior explanations. Chapter to appear Finding meaning, managing interactions, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Malle, B. F., Knobe, J., O'Laughlin, M. J., Pearce, G. E., & Nelson, S. E. (2000). Conceptual structure and social functions of behavior explanations: Beyond person-situation attributions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 79, 309-326.

Monday April 28 - Stereotyping & Prejudice Part I: Automatic processes?
Part of the assignment for this class is to go to the IAT (Implicit Associations Test) website at, poke around, and do at least one IAT, so you will be familiar with the methodology.

Mayr, U., & Foroni, F. (2003). Explicit conceptual sets affect implicit associations. Manuscript under review, University of Oregon.

Phelps, E. A., O'Connor, K. J., Cunningham, W. A., Funayama, E. S., Gatenby, J. C., Gore, J. C., & Banaji, M. (2000). Performance on indirect measures of race evaluation predicts amygdala activation. Journal of Cognitive Science, 12, 729-738.

Correll, J., Park, B., Judd, C. M., & Wittenbrink, B. (2002). The police officer's dilemma: Using ethnicity to disambiguate potentially threatening individuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1314-1329.

Lowery, B. S., Hardin, C. D., & Sinclair, S. (2001). Social influence effects on automatic racial prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 842-855.

Nosek, B. A, & Banaji, M. R. (2001). The Go/No-go Association Task. Social Cognition, 19, 625-666.

Wednesday April 30 - Stereotyping & Prejudice Part II: Looking beyond the eyes of the beholder
Davies, P. G., Spencer, S. J., Quinn, D. M., & Gerhardstein, R. (2002). Consuming images: How television commercials that elicit stereotype threat can restrain women academically and professionally. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 1615-1628.

Shelton, J. N. (2000). A reconceptualization of how we study issues of racial prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4, 374-390.

Ambady, N., Shih, M., Kim, M. & Pittinsky, T. L. (2001). Stereotype susceptibility in children: Effects of identity activation and quantitative performance. Psychological Science, 12, 385-390.

Steele, C. M. (1997). A threat is in the air: How stereotypes shape intellectual identity and performance. American Psychologist, 52, 613-629.