Back to Publications

Publications: Equity/Bias in Merit Raise Reviews and Salaries

  1. American Association of University Professors, 2004-05 Report on the economic status of the profession: Inequities persist for women and non-tenure-track faculty (2005).
  2. American Association of University Women, Gender Pay Gap Remains at 20 Cents, September 12, 2017.
  3. Evaluating Faculty:Faculty Annual Review Guidelines (University of Michigan)
  4. Balkin, D. B., & Gomez-Mejia, L. R., Explaining the gender effects on faculty pay increases: Do the squeaky wheels get the grease? Group & Organization Management, 27(3) (2002), 352-373.
  5. C. C. Bauer and B. B. Baltes, Reducing the effects of gender stereotypes on performance evaluations, Sex Roles, vol. 47, nos. 9/10, 465-476 (2002).
  6. S. Bernard, Why His Merit Raise is Bigger Than Hers, Harvard Business Review, April 2012.
  7. D. Blackaby, A. L. Booth, & J. Frank, Outside Offers and the Gender Pay Gap: Empirical Evidence from the UK Academic Labour Market, The Economic Journal, vol. 115 (February), F81-F107 (2005).
  8. T. Bingham, S. J. Nix, Women Faculty in Higher Education: A Case Study on Gender Bias, Forum on Public Policy (2010).
  9. H. R. Bowles & L. Babcock, Are Outside Offers an Answer to the Compensation Negotiation Dilemma for Women?, Academy of Management Proceedings, August 2009.
  10. H. R. Bowles & L. Babcock, How Can Women Escape the Compensation Negotiation Dilemma: Relational Accounts Are One Answer, Psychology of Women Quarterly, vol 37, no. 1, 80 - 96 (2012)
  11. H. R. Bowles, L. Babcock, & L. Lai, Social incentives for gender differences in the propensity to initiate negotiations: Sometimes it does hurt to ask, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes vol. 103, 84-103 (2006).
  12. D. Britton, Beyond the Chilly Climate: The Salience of Gender in Women’s Academic Careers, Gender & Society, vol. 31, no. 1, 5-27 (2017)
  13. Burke, K., Duncan, K., Krall, L., & Spencer, D., Gender differences in faculty pay and faculty salary compression. Social Science Journal, 42(2) (2005), 165-181.
  14. P. S. Carlin, M. P. Kidd, P. M. Rooney, and B. Denton, Academic Wage Structure by Gender:The Roles of Peer Review, Performance, and Market Forces, Southern Economic Journal 2013, vol. 80, no. 1, 127-146 (2013).
  15. E. Castillo & S. Benard, The Paradox of Meritocracy in Organizations, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 55, 543-576 (2010).
  16. Chronicle of Higher Education Salary Comparison, Online here
  17. T. H. Curry, Faculty performance reviews, Effective Practices for Academic Leaders, vol.1, no. 2, 1-16 (2006).
  18. A. H. Eagly & D. I. Miller, Scientific Eminence:Where Are the Women?, Perspectives on Psychological Science, vol. 11, no. 6, 899-904 (2016)
  19. M. M. Ferree & J. McQuillan, Gender-Based Pay Gaps: Methodolgical and Policy Issues in University Salary Studies, Gender &l Society, vol. 12, no. 1, 7-39 (1998)
  20. Piper Fogg, The Gap that won't go away: women continue to lag behind men in pay; the reasons may have little to do with gender bias, Chronicle of Higher Education, 49 (32), April 18, 2003, A12.
  21. C. Goldin, S. Pekkala Kerr, C. Olivetti, E. Barth, The Expanding Gender Earnings Gap: Evidence from the LEHD-2000 Census, American Economic Review, vol. 107, no. 5, May 2017, 110-114.
  22. J. H. Greenhaus, and S. Parasuraman, Job performance attributions and career advancement prospects: An examination of gender and race effects, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes vol. 55, 273-297 (1993).
  23. C. M. Guarino & V. M. H. Borden, Faculty Service Loads and Gender: Are Women Taking Care of the Academic Family?, Research in Higher Education, 1-23, April 5, 2017.
  24. J. Guo, Why Men Get All The Credit When They Work With Women, Washington Post, November 13, 2015.
  25. D. Hopper, Kacey Beddoes, University of Massachusetts Lowell-Wage Gap, The Academic Minute, November 7, 2017.
  26. T. A. Huston, Race and Gender Bias in Higher Education: Could Faculty Course Evaluations Impede Further Progress Toward Parity?, Seattle Journal for Social Justice, vol. 4, no. 2, May 1, 2006.
  27. R. Jagsi, K. A. Griffith, A. Stewart, D. Sambuco, R. DeCastro, &l P. A. Ubel, Gender Differences in Salary in a Recent Cohort of Early-Career Physician Researchers, Acad. Med., vol. 88, no. 11, (2013).
  28. L. A. Krefting, Intertwined discourses of merit and gender: Evidence from academic employment in the USA. Gender, Work & Organization, 10(2) (2003), 260-278.
  29. H. M. Lips, The Gender Pay Gap: Challenging the Rationalizations. Perceived Equity, Discrimination, and the Limits of Human Capital Models, Sex Roles, vol 68, 169-185 (2013).
  30. K. O’Meara, J. Fink, & D. K. White-Lewis, Who’s Looking? Examining the Role of Gender and Rank in Faculty Outside Offers, NASPA Journal About Women in Higher Education, vol. 10, no. 1 (2017).
  31. C. C. Miller, The Gender Pay Gap is Largely Because of Motherhood, NY Times, May 13, 2017.
  32. L. Perna, Sex differences in faculty salaries: A cohort analysis. Review of Higher Education 21(4) (2001), 315-342.
  33. L. A. Renzulli, J. Reynolds, K. Kelly, L. Grant, Pathways to Gender Inequality in Faculty Pay:The Impact of Institution, Academic Division, and Rank, Research in Social Stratification and Mobility vol. 34, 58-72 (December 2013).
  34. U. Schulze, The Gender Wage Gap Among PhDs in the UK, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 39, 599–629 (2015).
  35. C.B. Travis, L.J. Gross, & B. A. Johnson, Tracking the gender pay gap: A case study. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 33 (2009), 410–418.
  36. Unger & Crawford, Women and Gender: A feminist psychology, McGraw-Hill (1996).
  37. V. Valian, Beyond gender schemas:Improving the advancement of women in academia. Hypatia, 20(3), 198-213 (2005).