Publications: Equity/Bias in Teaching Evaluations
- Gender Bias in Faculty Teaching Evaluations:Key Journal Articles and Additional Resources (Result of RIT’s NSF ADVANCE Grant; includes list of work of other NSF ADVANCE institutions with links)
- ADVANCE-Nebraska, Annual Evaluation of Faculty Best Practices, March 2013.
- Lehigh (University) ADVANCE Men Advocates:Statement on Gender Bias in Student Course Evaluations
- M. H. Abel and A. L. Meltzer, Students ratings of a male and female professors’ lecture on sex discrimination in the workforce, Sex Roles, 57, 173-180.
- J. Arbuckle and B. D. Williams, Students’ perceptions of expressiveness: Age and gender effects on teacher evaluations, Sex Roles, 49 (9/10), 507-516.
- C. M. Bachen, M. M. McLoughlin, & S. S. Garcia, Assessing the role of gender in college students’ evaluations of faculty, Communication Education, 48, 193–210 (1999).
- Phyllis Baker & Martha Copp, Gender performance matters most: The interaction of gendered expectations, feminist course content and pregnancy in students' course evaluations. Teaching Sociology 25(1) (1997), 29-43.
- S. A. Basow, Student ratings of professors are not gender blind, Association for Women in Mathematics Newsletter, 24, no. 5 (Sept.-Oct. 1994).
- S. A. Basow, Student evaluations of college professors: When gender matters, Journal of Educational Psychology, 87, 656–665 (1995).
S. A. Basow, Gender dynamics in the classroom. In J. C. Chrisler, C. Golden, & P. D. Rozee, Lectures on the psychology of women (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill (2000).
- S. A. Basow and N. T. Silberg, Student evaluation of college professors: Are female and male professors rated differently?, Journal of Educational Psychology 79 no. 3 308-314 (1987).
- L. Bates, Female academics face huge sexist bias – no wonder there are so few of them The Guardian, February 13, 2015.
- S. K. Bennett, Student perceptions of and expectations for male and female instructors: Evidence relating to the question of gender bias in teaching evaluations, Journal of Educational Psychology 74 no. 2 (1982), 170-179.
- A. Boring, Gender Biases in Student Evaluations of Teachers and their Impact on Teacher Incentives, Working Paper, OFCE-PRESAGE-SCIENCES PO and LEDa-DIAL, April 22, 2015.
- A. Boring, Gender biases in student evaluations of teaching, J. of Public Economics, 145 (January 2017), 27-41.
- A. Boring, K. Ottoboni, and P. B. Stark, Student evaluations of teaching are not only unreliable, they are significantly biased against female instructors, The London School of Economics and Political Science, February 4, 2016.
- J. H. Bray and G. S. Howard, Interaction of Teacher and Student Sex and Sex Role Orientations and Student Evaluations of College Instruction, Contemporary Educational Psychology 5 (1980), 241-248.
- S. Buck and D. Tiene, The combined effects of physical attractiveness, gender, and teaching philosophy on evaluations,The Journal of Educational Research, 82, no. 3, 172-177 (1989) (published online January 20, 2015, 172-177).
- A. L. Burns-Glover & D. J. Veith, Revisiting gender and teaching evaluations: Sex still makes a difference. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 10, 69–80 (1995).
- V. R. Brooks, Sex differences in student dominance behavior in female and male professors' classrooms. Sex Roles, 8 (7) (1982), 683-690.
- N. Collins, There’s No Easy Fix for Gender Bias in Student Evaluation of Teachers, Pacific Standard, January 8, 2016.
- P. B. Elmore and K. A. LaPointe, Effects of Teacher Sex and Student Sex on Evaluation of College Instructors, Journal of Higher Education 66 (3), 386-389 (1974).
- P. B. Elmore and K. A. LaPointe, Effects of teacher sex, student sex & teacher warmth on evaluation of college instructor, Journal of Higher Ed Psychology 67(3), 368-374 (1975).
K. A. Feldman, College students’ views of male and female college teachers: Evidence from the social laboratory and experiments – Part 1. Research in Higher Education, 33, 317–375 (1992).
- K. A. Feldman, College students’ views of male and female college teachers: Evidence from the social laboratory and experiments – Part 2. Research in Higher Education, 34, 151–211 (1993).
F. E. Fich, Are student evaluations of teaching fair?, Computing Research News
15(3): 2-10 (2003).
- C. Flaherty, Bias Against Female Instructors, Inside Higher Ed, January 11, 2016.
- C. Flaherty, Zero Correlation Between Evaluations and Learning, Inside Higher Ed, September 21, 2016.
- A. G. Greenwald, & G. M. Gillmore, No pain, no gain? The importance of measuring course workload in student ratings of instruction, J of Educational Psychology 89(4), 743-751 (1997).
- M. E. Heilman and T. G. Okimoto, Why Are Women Penalized for Success at Make Tasks? The Implied Communality Deficit, Journal of Applied Psychology 92(1) (2007), 81-92.
- N. Hensel, Realizing Gender Equality in Higher Education, ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report 2, (1991).
- C. Hogan, Review of the literature: The evaluation of teaching in higher education, Instructional Development Center, McMaster University (1978).
- E. Kaschak, Sex bias in students' evaluations of professors' teaching methods. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 3 (3) (1978), l35-l43.
- E. Kaschak, Another look at sex bias in students evaluations of professors: Do winners get the recognition that they have been given? Psychology of Women Quarterly, Summer, 1981.
- D. Kierstead, P. D’Agostino, & H. Dill, Sex role stereotyping of college professors: Bias in students' ratings of instructors. Journal of Educational Psychology, 80(3), 342-344 (1988).
- N. Koblitz, Are Student Ratings Unfair to Women, Association for Women in Mathematics Newsletter 20 no. 5 (1990), 17-19.
- N. Koblitz, Bias and other factors in student ratings, Chronicle of Higher Education 93/9/1 (1993), B3.
- E. Lilienfeld, How Student Evaluations are Skewed against Women and Minority Professors, Commentary:Higher Education, The Century Foundation, February 13, 2017.
- J. P. Lombardo and M. Tocci, Attribution of positive and negative characteristics of instructor as function of attractiveness and sex of instructor and sex of subject, Perceptual & Motor Skills, 48 (1979).
- L. MacNell, A. Driscoll, and A. N. Hunt, What’s in a name: Exposing Gender Bias in Student Ratings of Teaching, Innovative Higher Education, 40 (4), 291-303 (2015) (published online 05 December 2014).
- A. Marcotte, Best Way For Professors to Get Good Student Evaluations? Be Male, Slate, December 9, 2014.
- E. Martin, Power and Authority in the Classroom: Sexist Stereotypes in Teaching Evaluations. Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 9 (1984), 482-492.
- K. Mitchell and J. Martin, Gender Bias in Student Evaluations Political Science & Politics, published online 06 March 2018 (downloadable pdf available at linked site)
- F. Mengel, J. Sauermann, & Ulf Zölitz, Gender Bias in Teaching Evaluations, Journal of the European Economic Association, September 2017.
- P. Miles and D. House, The Tail Wagging the Dog;An Overdue Examination of Student Teaching Evaluations, International Journal of Higher Education, 40, no. 2, 2015.
J. Miller & M. Chamberlin, Women are teachers, men are professors: A study of student perceptions, Teaching Sociology, 28 (4), 283– 298 (2000).
- G. Morrongiello, Female prof. calls for inflated course evaluations for female profs, Campus Reform, June 24, 2015.
M. Moore, Student resistance to course content: Reactions to the gender of the messenger. Teaching Sociology 25(2) (1997), 128-33.
- V. Ray, Is Gender Bias an Intended Feature of Teaching Evaluations, Inside Higher Ed, February 9, 2018.
- A. S. Rosen, Correlations, Trends, and Potential Biases among Publicly Accessible Web-Based Student Evaluations of Teaching:A large-scale study of RateMyProfessors.com data, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education January 2017: 1–14.
- B. R. Sandler, Women faculty at work in the classroom, or why it still hurts to be a woman in labor, Communication Education (1991)(January), 6-15.
- D. Savonick and C. Davidson, Gender Bias in Academe: An Annotated Bibliography of Important Recent Studies, HASTAC, January 26, 2015. (This page contains a wealth of information and is regularly updated)
- M. R. Schuster, & S. R. Van Dyne, The changing classroom. In M. R. Schuster & S. R. Van Dyne (Eds.), Women’s place in the academy, (pp. 161-171). Totowa, New Jersey: Rowman & Allanheld (1985).
- B. Schmidt, Gendered Language in Teacher Reviews (text analysis tool for looking at gender bias in teaching evaluations on RateMyProfessor) (2015)
J. Sprague & K. Massoni, Student evaluations and gendered expectations: What we can't count can hurt us. Sex Roles, 53, 779–793 (2005).
- P. B. Stark, An Evaluation of Course Evaluations, ScienceOpen, 26 September 2014.
- A. Statham & L. Richardson, Gender and University Teaching,
SUNY Press (1991).
- A. Statham, L. Richardson, and J. Cook, Gender and University Teaching: A Negotiated Difference,
SUNY Press (1991).
- D. Storage, Z. Horne, A. Cimpian, & S-J. Leslie, The Frequency of “Brilliant” and “Genius” in Teaching Evaluations Predicts the Representation of Women and African Americans across Fields, PLOS ONE, March 3, 2016.
- B. Uttl, C. A. White, and D. W. Gonzalez, Meta-analysis of faculty's teaching effectiveness: Student evaluation of teaching ratings and student learning are not related, Studies in Educational Evaluation, 54, September 2017, 22-42.
- N. Wagner, M. Rieger, and K. Voorvelt, Gender, ethnicity and teaching evaluations: Evidence from mixed teaching teams, Economics of Education Review 54, 79-94 (October 2016).
S. Young, L. Rush, & D. Shaw, Evaluating gender bias in ratings of university instructors’ teaching effectiveness, International Journal of Scholarship of Teaching and Learning 3, 1–14 (2009)