Publications: Sexual Harassment in STEM
- The Sex Study That Could Alter Our Understanding of Campus Assault
Chronicle of Higher Ed, February 9, 2018
Columbia University has this project aimed at changing our understanding of sexual harassment and assault. A link to initial publications on the involved surveys are included.
- NSF to Require Reporting of Researchers Who Harass, Chronicle of Higher Education, February 8, 2018
From the article:The National Science Foundation, in a move to confront sexual abuse in academe, plans to require colleges and universities to tell it of any NSF-funded researcher who has been disciplined for any kind of harassment.
- Is there a culture of denial around sexual misconduct in academia?, Times Higher Education, November 16, 2017.
From the article: “Hollywood and Westminster have been rocked by tales of sexual assault and abuse. Is academia similarly plagued by misuse of power and sexual misconduct? Five scholars offer their views.”
- National Academies Study on The Impacts of Sexual Harassment in Academia, 2017.
The study scope will include the following:
For purposes of this study, the definition of sexual harassment includes unwanted sexual advances and requests for sexual favors and other unwelcome conduct that is sexual in nature, as well as those situations in which the work or study environment is made intimidating or offensive as a result of actions that are gender-based and that interfere with an individual’s academic or work performance, opportunities for advancement, and morale.
The committee will issue a consensus report at the conclusion of the study.
- Review of the research on the extent to which women in the fields of science, engineering, and medicine are victimized by sexual harassment on college and university campuses, in research labs and field sites; at hospitals/medical centers; and in other academic environments;
- Examination of existing information on the extent to which sexual harassment in academia negatively impacts the recruitment, retention, and advancement of women pursuing scientific, engineering, technical, and medical careers, with comparative evidence drawn from other sectors, such as the military, government, and the private sector.
- Identification and analysis of policies, strategies and practices that have been the most successful in preventing and addressing sexual harassment in these settings.
- Workshop and Third Committee Meeting of the National Academies Committee on Impacts of Sexual Harassment in Academia, June 20, 2017
This workshop held in conjunction with the National Academies Study on the Impacts of Sexual Harassment in Academia on the career advancement of women in the scientific, technical, and medical workforce can be attended via webcast. Visit the site for details.
- Stanford surgeon tells all, Science, May 8, 1998.
Book review of Frances Conley’s book Walking Out on the Boys which is an autobiographical account of the clashes between Conley, a female neurosurgeon, and the aggressive male department chiefs at Stanford University’s Medical School in the 1980s and 1990s.
- Congress probes charges of harassment at NIH, Science, April 29, 2005.
- Michael Balter, After the accusation, Science, February 12, 2016.
Discussion of sexual harassment in the field of paleoanthropology and the case of Brian Richmond, in particular.
- Julie Beck, ‘Trouble with girls’: the enduring sexism in science, The Atlantic, June 11, 2015.
From the article: “Nobel Laureate Tim Hunt resigned over inappropriate comments, but such blatant instances of bias are only the most publicized examples of a more pervasive problem.”
- Robin E. Bell and Lora S. Koenig, Harassment in science is real, Science, 08 Dec 2017.
Two researchers in geophysical and environmental sciences relate the problems that exist in their field.
- Joan Bridges, Is it harassment only if it’s sexual?, The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 1, 2016.
- Daniel Clery, Shining a light on sexual harassment in astronomy, Science, October 23, 2015.
- Frances Conley, Walking Out on the Boys, Farrar Straus & Giroux, 1998.
Frances Conley, the first female tenured professor of neurosurgery in the U.S., writes about the treatment of women in the world of academic medicine. Conley resigned from Stanford University&rquo;s Medical School to protest the school’s unabashed gender discrimination.
- Colleen Curry, As calls grow for more women in STEM fields, sexual harassment complaints increase, Vice News, February 4, 2016.
- Stassa Edwards, Persistent Sexual Harassment is a Primary Reason Women Leave STEM, Jezebel, March 07, 2016.
- Thomas Fuller, Sexual Harassment Cases Tarnish Berkeley’s Image as a Center of Social Activism, NY Times, March 24, 2016.
High profile cases in the law school and astronomy department are discussed as well as 16 cases that involved sexual violence.
- Gordon B. Feld, Jan Born, Exploiting sleep to modify bad attitudes, Science, May 29, 2015.
Summary: Since the age of enlightenment in the 18th century, liberty and equality have spread across the Western world, leading to a decline in explicit racism and sexism. Nevertheless, the tendency to hold implicit prejudices of race or gender continues to drive discrimination. Indeed, recent news has been filled with reports on the rise of nationalistic groups, excessive police violence against minority group members, persisting unequal pay for women, and sexual harassment all across the developed world. On page 1013 in this issue, Hu et al. show how such unwanted attitudes may be persistently changed by a social counterbias training when the fresh memories of this training are systematically reactivated during sleep after training.
- Colleen Flaherty, Zero-Tolerance Mind-set, Inside Higher Ed, August 11, 2017.
Higher ed sees a round of faculty terminations and resignations over allegations of sexual misconduct: Could institutions be cracking down on even big-name professors? The cases of Michael Katze, University of Wisconsin professor of microbiology and Christian Ott, Cal Tech professor of theoretical astrophysics are mentioned.
- Caroline Fredrickson, When Will the ‘Harvey Effect’ Reach Academia?, The Atlantic, September 30, 2017.
From the article: “In the hypercompetitive world of higher education, many academics who face sexual harassment remain silent to avoid forfeiting a promotion or research gig.”
- Jennifer J. Freyd, How to Talk About Sexual Harassment, Downloadable guide at Lean In.
From the article: “ This guide is designed to facilitate conversation between people who have been sexually harassed and people who want to support them. You can use it with your Lean In Circle, in another small group, or with a partner.”
- Jennifer J. Freyd, When sexual assault victims speak out, their institutions often betray them, The Conversation, January 11, 2018.
- Cary Funk and Kim Parker, Women and Men in STEM Often at Odds Over Workplace Equity, Pew Research Center, Social & Demographic Trends, January 9, 2018.
Findings from a Pew Research Center study conducted in the summer of 2017, which speak to broader problems across various occupations and industries are presented. More than 4900 workers were polled. About 19 percent of the men said they experienced sexual discrimination at work, versus 50 percent of the women. In certain heavily male-dominated subsets of STEM, 78 percent of the women experienced gender discrimination.
- Sara Ganim, Sexual harassment in STEM:‘It’s tragic for society’, CNN, September 30, 2016.
- Anne Gibbons, Elizabeth Culotte, Saying no to harassment, Science, April 29, 2016.
- Azeen Ghorayshi, Famous Berkeley astronomer violates sexual harassment policies over many years, BuzzFeedNews, October 9, 2015.
This article discusses Berkeley astronomer Geoff Marcy’s history of sexual harassment.
- Nell Gluckman, What Happens When Sex Harassment Disrupts Victims’ Academic Careers, The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 6, 2017.
- Nell Gluckman, How One College Set Out to Fix ‘a Culture of Blatant Sexual Harassment,’ The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 29, 2017.
From the article: “Hundreds of people rallied against sexual harassment at the Berklee College of Music this month. Now the college is trying to repair its culture and emerge as a model for other higher-education institutions and the music industry, where its graduates work.”
- Nell Gluckman, Brock Read, and Katherine Mangan, Tracking Higher Ed’s #MeToo Moment: Updates on Sexual Assault and Harassment, The Chronicle of Higher Education, last update on December 9, 2017 (A version of this article appeared in the November 24, 2017 print issue.
From the article: “The #MeToo movement, which has sought to publicize allegations of sexual harassment, has spread through academe.”
- Emanuella Grinberg, How to make science safer for women, CNN, November 4, 2015.
Astronomers reflect on attitudes toward serial harassment after the resignation of Berkeley astronomer Geoff Marcy.
- Amy Harmon, Chicago professor resigns amid sexual misconduct investigation, NY Times, February 3, 2016.
The case against University of Chicago molecular biologist Jason Lieb is discussed.
- A. Hope Jahren, She wanted to do her research. He wanted to talk ‘feelings‘, NY Times, March 6, 2016.
- Karen Kelsky, A Crowdsourced Survey of Sexual Harassment in the Academy, on The Professor Is In, a blog by Karen Kelsky, December 1, 2017.
The link is to a crowdsourced survey on sexual harassment in academia. As of December 11, 2017, there were 1589 reported instances of harassment(see linked spreadsheet).
- Donald Kennedy, Academic Duty, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA 1997.
This book by President Emeritus of Stanford University Donald Kennedy explores the implications of academic responsibility and the obligations of the professorship. In the chapter on student mentoring Kennedy speaks about student mentoring and harassment.
- Katherine Mangan, Here’s What Sexual Harassment Looks Like in Higher Education, The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 16, 2017.
From the article: “Students protest this week against sexual assault and harassment at the Berklee College of Music. Berklee’s president acknowledged on Monday that 11 faculty members have been fired for sexual misconduct in the past 13 years.”
- Julia Martinez, What Happened to These 15 Accused Harassers?, The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 11, 2107.
- Sheila McMillen, Dirty Old Men on the Faculty, The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 6, 2017 (a version appeared in the December 15, 2017 print issue of the Chronicle).
- Jeffrey Mervis, Caltech suspends professor for harassment, Science, January 12, 2016.
The case against Caltech astrophysicist Christian Ott is reported.
- Christopher Mele, Nicholas Dirks resigns as chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley, NY Times, August 16, 2016.
The chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley, announced his resignation on Tuesday, August 16, 2016, amid criticism over how he had handled sexual harassment cases involving high-profile faculty members and the university’s budget.
- Dennis Normille, Women faculty battle Japan’s koza system, Science, February 2, 2001.
Summary: After a hollow court victory last fall , a Japanese researcher is stepping up her fight to improve conditions for women in academia. She and a small band of supporters are setting up a nonprofit organization to tackle the issue of academic harassment, which many women faculty members say has marginalized them at institutions throughout the country. The root of the problem is the hierarchical structure of the "koza" system, in which professors hold near-absolute power over their subordinates.
- Dennis Normille, Japanese societies tackle gender issues, Science, October 4, 2002.
- Dennis Overbye, Geoffrey Marcy to resign from Berkeley astronomy department, NY Times, October 10, 2015.
- Frank H. T. Rhodes, Rules of the game, Science, December 5, 1997.
Book review of Donald Kennedy’s book Academic Duty
- Marina Rosenthal and Jennifer J. Freyd, Sexual Violence on Campus: No Evidence that Studies Are Biased Due to Self-Selection, Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence: 3, 1, 2018.
From the article: Abstract: Numerous research studies suggest that at least one in five female college students is sexually assaulted while enrolled. However, many studies exploring sexual violence prevalence on campus use methodology permitting students to self-select into the study based on interest in the topic (i.e., students receive an email offering them the opportunity to participate in a study on sexual violence). Self-selection may bias these prevalence estimates of campus sexual violence. To explore this issue, we surveyed two samples of college women on their experiences of sexual assault. We recruited Sample 1 in a typical way: by emailing a randomly selected subset of students provided by the university registrar and inviting participation with information about the survey topic. We recruited Sample 2 using a human subjects pool where students in introductory psychology and linguistics courses sign up for studies without prior knowledge about the topic of the research they will participate in (hence greatly minimizing the risk of self-selection). The two samples yielded nearly identical victimization rates. Over a quarter of participants in both our samples had experienced sexual contact without consent, consistent with recent research from the Association of American Universities. College victimization estimates do not appear to be biased by self-selection based on knowledge of the survey topic.
- Cristine Russell, Why Tim Hunt’s sexist comments were no “joke”, Scientific American, June 15, 2015.
Subtitle: The British Nobel Prize-winner has complained that he's been treated unfairly, but it is the women he insulted that deserve sympathy and support.
- Cristine Russell, Confronting Sexual Harassment in Science, Scientific American, October 27, 2017.
Harvard Kennedy School senior fellow Cristine Russell writes about some recent moves by major organizations that may mark a sea change in confronting sexual harassment.
- Sarah Scoles, Month by Month, 2016 Cemented Science's Sexual Harassment Problem, Wired, December 29, 2016.
From the article: “This year yielded a lot of front-page stories about celebrity professors breaking bad, but it is also the year scientific societies and policy-influencers decided to try to do something about it. And if the momentum holds, 2017 could be the year they do more than try, as they transform new initiatives, brainstorming sessions, reports, and promises into action and cultural change.”
- Stephanie Singer, I Spoke Up Against My Harasser---and Paid a Steep Price, The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 6, 2017.
Stephanie Singer, former tenured faculty member in mathematics at Haverford College, writes about her experiences with sexual harassment.
- Meredith Wadman, Salk Institute hit with discrimination lawsuit by third female scientist, Science Magazine, July 20, 2017.
“Following two gender discrimination lawsuits filed last week, a third senior female professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies has similarly sued the storied independent institute in San Diego, California.”
- Meredith Wadman, Salk Institute under fire for ‘smear’ on women suing it for discrimination, Science Magazine, July 19, 2017.
“Alleging decades of gender discrimination, two senior female scientists last week sued the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, sparking a public relations debacle that has engulfed the venerable institution and could threaten its appeal to donors and new researchers. Leaders of the San Diego, California, research center have strenuously denied the allegations made by biologists Vicki Lundblad and Katherine Jones, and publicly questioned their productivity and the quality of their scientific work.”
- Meredith Wadman, Two female scientists sue Salk Institute, alleging discrimination at ‘old boys club’, Science Magazine, July 14, 2017.
“Two senior female scientists are suing their employer, the prestigious Salk Institute for Biological Studies, alleging pervasive, long-standing gender discrimination. The independent institute, in San Diego, California, was founded by polio vaccine pioneer Jonas Salk 57 years ago.”
- Meredith Wadman, Leaked documents expose long-standing gender tensions at Salk Institute, Science Magazine, August 23, 2017.
“Senior female faculty at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies raise more than twice as much in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for scientists working in their labs as their male counterparts, according to a 2016 internal report on "faculty issues" requested by leaders of the San Diego, California, institution. Yet Salk leaders favored male scientists by granting them greater access to internal funds and other resources, the report implies, echoing gender discrimination lawsuits filed last month against the research center.”
- Meredith Wadman, University of Rochester president resigns as outside attorney issues report on sexual harassment case, Science Magazine, January 11, 2018.
- Meredith Wadman, Rochester roiled by fallout from sexual harassment case, Sciene January 19, 2018.
- Julie Walters, Connie L. McNeely, Recasting Title IX: Addressing Gender Equity in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Professoriate, Review of Policy Research, May 11, 2010.
Abstract:Questions of gender equity and the underrepresentation of women in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professoriate in U.S. institutions of higher education have become central issues in debates on the role and makeup of the STEM workforce in today's innovation-driven economy. In response, policy makers, advocacy groups, academics, and other stakeholders have called for the dedicated enforcement of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 as a tool for combating gender inequities in the academic workforce. Although previously applied primarily to gender bias in athletic programs and participation, Title IX was created to address myriad aspects of gender equity in educational institutions and, as such, currently is being invoked in the realm of STEM academic employment. Accordingly, we analyze Title IX relative to categories of potential regulatory development in light of the policy environment and related dynamics. Providing an historical overview of Title IX and its associated regulations as background, we characterize and delineate its relevance to gender disparities in the STEM professoriate, identifying areas for policy consideration and future application.
- Vivian Wang, Sexual Harassment Charges Roil Elite University Department, NY Times, September 15, 2017.
Charges of retaliation have been brought against the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at the University of Rochester, an elite private college in upstate NY.
- Joan C. Williams and Kate Massinger, How women are harassed out of science, The Atlantic, July 25, 2016.
From the article: “A 2015 report that one of us co-authored found that one in three women science professors surveyed reported sexual harassment. There’s been a lot of talk about how to keep women in the STEM pipeline, but it fails to make a crucial connection: One reason the pipeline leaks is that women are harassed out of science. And sexual harassment is just the beginning ”
- Joan C. Williams, Katherine W. Phillips, and Erika V. Hall, Double Jeopardy? Gender Bias Against Women of Color in Science, Report from UC Hastings College of the Law, 2014.
The authors interviewed 60 scientists for this study; every one of them reported encountering one or more of the patterns of gender bias discussed in this report.
- Alexandra Witze, Berkeley releases report on astronomer sexual-harassment case, Nature, December 19, 2015, Updated: December 23, 2015.
From the article: “University also reveals internal correspondence and other documents related to complaints against former professor Geoffrey Marcy.”
- Bernard Wood, Zero tolerance. Period, Science, October 30, 2015.
Summary: Earlier this month, famed astronomer Geoff Marcy's sexual harassment of female students was exposed. He has since resigned from the University of California, Berkeley, in the face of concerted pressure from peers and students. It is unconscionable for someone to use academic power to be a sexual predator, but the reality is that Marcy operated in an academic culture that turned a blind eye to such behavior.
- Sarah Zhang, A New Twist in the fight against sexism in science, Wired, October 19, 2015.
- Sarah Zhang, Rep Jackie Speier on why she’s taking on sexual harassment in science, Wired, January 13, 2016.
Discussion of Jackie Speier’s determination to craft legislation that would first require that any investigation at one university where the professor either resigns or is fired, that information would follow them.