hendon materials simulation

hms oregon


Materials theory and high performance computing

Research Overview

Chemistry. With computers.


The HMS group has diverse chemical interests ranging from electronic structure of solid-state and non-equilibrium materials to catalysis. We don't 'touch chemicals' in this lab (besides coffee and water), all our work is performed on super computers. We are fortunate to have support from the NSF and the University of Oregon, providing access to state-of-the-art computational facilities. Our primary goal is to perform valuable computational experiments that compliment and guide experimental studies by providing atomic resolution of properties that are beyond the reach of conventional experimental chemistry.

Chemistry of metal-organic frameworks
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of solid-state porous materials composed of inorganic clusters spatially supported by organic ligands. Their porosity gives rise to extremely high surface area. Furthermore the combination of compositional and topological diversity enables unprecedented access to physical properties only arising from the unique MOF composition-function relationship. As a result these hybrid materials have garnered increased interest over the past two decades dueto their potential applications in gas storage and separation, catalysis, sensors, and as battery materials. The realization of electrically conductive MOFs would make them attractive targets for implementation in sensors, as capacitor matrices, and as electrocatalysts. Yet, despite the potential for compositional diversity only a subset of ligands and metals yield electrically conductive MOFs, some representative ligands are shown.

Similar increases in conductivity have also been noted for MOFs constructed with Fe2+. In all cases, the ligand and/or metal feature accessible redox states. Perhaps this is critical in the design of electrically conductive MOFs? One objective of the HMS group is to use electronic structure calculations to determine design principles that underpin the development of future electrically conductive MOFs.

We are also interested in how MOFs can be harnessed as spatially separated single-site catalysts, either in thermal– or photocatalysis. In this case we require localized electronic states as catalytically active sites, as opposite to a delocalized electronic structure required for electrically conductive MOFs.

A recent overview of MOF chemistry: ACS. Cent. Sci., 2017
Harnessing Ti-localized conduction band minima for Ti3+-catalyzed reactions: Sci. Rep., 2016


Amorphous materials
Electronic and physical properties of liquid- and solid-state materials with no crystallographic order are of interest due to their cheap processing, overcoming the requirement for crystallization. The challenge is rather to discover amorphous materials that feature similar chemical properties to their parent crystalline structures. One successful example is SiO2: both quartz and amorphous silicates (i.e. glass) are transparent and insulating. Experimentally, the characterization of non-crystalline solids is extremely complex, because conventional X-ray techniques are not applicable. Quantum chemistry compliments experiment to provide insights into chemical and physical properties that may persist or emerge upon amorphization. We are interested in the prediction of chemical properties arising from diminishing symmetry and increased disorder in solid-state and glassy materials.

Emergence of new reactivity in amorphous NiS electrocatalysis: Joule, 2017
Electrical conductivity in amorphous SnO2: Chem. Mater., 2016



Surface structures and properties
All materials have surfaces, if we define the surface as the boundary between two materials (we liberally include the vacuum as a 'material', too!). It is the chemistry at the interfaces that determines the materials' catalytic activity. Unlike thet static description of a surface recovered from cleaving crystallographic planes, a more realistic description allows for dynamic restructuring. Yet, conventional DFT is often applied to the static picture, and hence there arrises a disparity between our models and reality.


TiWC coated in Pt is an example where conventional static models fail to describe the surface: J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2017

We are able to recover more representative surface descriptions using ab initio molecular dynamics, an approach which uses DFT and kinetic energy to allow atoms to move, making and breaking bonds dynamically. The HMS group is interested in the discovery of non-equilibrium surface structure and its impact on the chemical properties arising at the interface.

The same approach can be applied to examine lattice dynamics of crystalline materials, too.






Active group members


Christopher H. Hendon

Assistant Professor
BSc. Adv. Hons., PhD
Monash, Bath, MIT
Curriculum Vitae, Scholar

Thomas W. Kasel

Graduate student
B.S. Chemistry
Cal. Lutheran
Scholar

Jenna L. Mancuso

Graduate student
B.S. Poly. Sci. & Eng.
Case Western Reserve
Scholar

Austin M. Mroz

Graduate student
B.S. Mech. Eng.
Rose-Hulman
Scholar

Andrew Swansiger

Graduate Rotator
B.S. Chemistry
Washington
Scholar

C. Chase Callahan

Undergraduate student
Chemistry Major
Oregon
Twitter

Min Chieh (Jack) Yang

Undergraduate student
Chemistry Major
Oregon
Scholar

Lya Carini

Undergraduate student
Chemistry Major
Oregon
Scholar

Isaac Lance

Undergraduate student
Computer Science Major
Oregon
Scholar

Audra McNamee

Undergraduate student
Computer Science Major
Oregon
Scholar



Interested in working with us?

The HMS Oregon group sits in 436 Lewis Integrative Sciences Building on the north east corner of campus. If space permits, we are always accepting motivated undergraduate researchers on either a volunteer or for-credit basis. Please get in touch with Prof. Hendon and swing by the group office to have a talk to them about what they are up to!

The University of Oregon is the premier R1 institution in the state of Oregon. All interested graduate students are strongly encouraged to apply formally through this University of Oregon Chemistry Department link. HMS Oregon is always accepting talented graduate students that fit well in the group. Contact Prof. Hendon via email for the group's dream, talk to the students for the group's reality.

Postdoctoral scholars are also encouraged to contact Prof. Hendon. Positions fluctuate depending on funding opportunities. At the moment HMS Oregon is unable to support postdoctoral scholars.

Coffee.

Prof. Hendon's interest in coffee began during his PhD, where he worked closely with Lesley and Maxwell Colonna-Dashwood (Colonna). Their early efforts lead to the publication of Water For Coffee (Version 2 coming in 2019), a chemistry handbook intended for the coffee community, as well as a peer reviewed article published in J. Agric. Food Chem. Water chemistry laid the foundation for Maxwell's 2015 World Barista Championship routine. Later, we studied how coffee fractures in a grinder - this study laid the foundation for Kyle Ramage's 2017 World Barista Championship routine.

Presently, Prof. Hendon collaborates internationally with coffee professionals and academics (COHOP collaboration) tackling fundamental problems in coffee. There is an ongoing effort to establish a coffee research laboratory at the University of Oregon, which will sit at the intersection of chemistry, physics, biology, psychology, and mathematics. If you want to hear more about this topic, or have some interesting anecdotes about coffee please email Prof. Hendon!

Room 429
Department of Chemistry
1253 University of Oregon
Eugene, OR, 97403



Updated Autumn 2017
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