USER'S GUIDE TO
Bailey Avenue Eugene, OR 97402
non-commercial use freely granted
return to School Facilities
syllabus & home page
INTRODUCTION TO THIS PAGE
This structured reading list in school
facilities contains articles written by Fred
Tepfer, as well as links to other web sources, for use
in EDLD 636 School Facilities at the University of Oregon.
My students are free
to read and link to items at will, but reproduction (in print
or electronically) requires my permission (freely
granted for non-commercial use).
|You will notice that some of the
readings written by me aren't yet linked. That's because they haven't
been written yet. This is a work in progress, so some pieces will
be in outline form, some are even just lecture notes or a series of images
used in class. I will also continue to add links to external sources.
frequently! Items listed in bold or green
are underway and should be available soon, at least in draft form.
Feel free to send comments, corrections, suggestions, and
other sources to me via e-mail.
I'm always on the lookout for improvements.
For example, if you think making all articles available in
Adobe Acrobat format or on CD would be useful, let me know.
If there is some interest out there, I'll
make it happen.
INTRODUCTION TO SCHOOL FACILITIES
Interest in school facilities has increased dramatically in
the past decade as the rate of school construction and renovation
has increased. There are many current themes in the literature,
but the hot topics coalesce around effective educational
environments, health and safety of building occupants, and
operating costs, and environmental issues such as sustainable design and climate change. There have been significant
advances in each of these areas during this period:
research linking educational environment to learning
outcomes (Schneider has
an excellent summary)
- comprehensive approaches to health and safety (LEED, CEPTED)
that may change with better research into statistical risk
- giant strides in design of high-performance sustainable buildings that use very little energy (CHPS)
(LEED) (Core Performance) while maximizing learning.
Lurking just out of sight are some emerging issues: classroom
acoustics, building envelope design (rainscreen), rapid construction
cost escalation (more than 35% from 2003 to 007), disaster planning
and mitigation (in the Pacific Northwest, earthquakes in particular).
Other issues may or may not emerge, such as school size, building
longevity, classroom flexibility, universal design, and changing
It is easy to disappear under the waves of technical information
that roll over this field. However, my preference, and my recommendation
to you, is to focus your thinking on core issues for students,
faculty, and administrators, and communities:
- What enhances learning?
- What protects operating budgets so that academics get maximum
- What is the responsible long-term decision as a steward
of the public trust?
- What provides a reasonable level of health and safety?
Keeping your core values in mind (which may be different from
mine) as you learn this material is essential to separating
the important from the trivial, separating the signal from
Educator's Dictionary of Building Terms [coming soon!]
Sustainable Design/Environmentally Friendly Buildings
- Sustainability in operations
- Custodial staff management
- Contracting out
- Elementary school transportation dilemma
- Safety in operations (also listed below under
Planning and Design)
- Preventive/predictive maintenance
- Evaluation of existing buildings
- Space management introduction
- Managing Space at Small Colleges, Facilities Manager Sept/Oct /99 (relevant
to school districts)
- The Strategic Assessment
Model (SAM), an assessment tool for facilities management organizations,
Association of Physical Plant Administrators
- Accessibility: The ADA, 504, and accessible
programs, activities and services
- Landscape and site maintenance
Finishes: a guide for non-professionals
A roofing primer add patterns: inspection,
quality materials and installers, competitive bidding (non-proprietary)
ESD case study?
Computers and networks
- Green Buidlng Systems
- Intro to Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning
introduction ADD patterns, review mark-up (and get re-crit)
my favorite classroom acoustics article (from the Noise Pollution Clearinghouse
NCEF and other articles on acoustics:
Fire engineering, fire detection, and
Lab Safety, Planning, Design, and Management
Instructional technology and presentation media
- Green Building Design
- Educational Specifications and Architectural Programs
- Getting Started: Master Planning and Strategic
NCEF article by Day
- Sustainable/High Performance schools
America's Schools ( G. Kats, October 2006)
CHPS Best Practices
Manual, esp. vols. 1-4
- Community , Staff and User Involvment Techniques
- Advanced User Involvement Techniques
- Facility Audit: Evaluation of Existing Building
(also listed above)
- NCEF links:
- School Site Selection and Community Planning and Development
- basic concepts: compact growth, growth of facilities on
site, athletics & land, outdoor ed (various sorts)
orientation, stormwater, solar access, etc.
ties to local goals, planning
landscape design (& maint. costs)
- School Size
- NCEF links: School Size
School Size, School
Climate, and Student PerformanceNW Regional Educational Laboratory meta-study
by Kathleen Cotton is the best all-around article on small vs. large schools.
CEFPI article on school size: Gross
Square Feet per Student
- Design for safety and security (also listed
above under Building Maintenance and Operation) add patterns
Schools Through Environmental Design (Schneider via ERIC)
for Education: School Space Standards
Classroom design, building block of a school
Corridor size: Design
Share discussion on non-programmed space, add example from bethel
Child development and the design of school environments
Outdoor environments: classrooms, recreation, athletics
- Build or
Renovate? articles at NCEF site
- Project Cost and Budget Management, intro
- The Americans with Disabilities Act, Accessibility, and
- Contracts, contracts, and more contracts
- NCEF: Hiring
Design Professionals links
- "Seeing the Light", B. LePatner,
Architecture Magazine, article on architect contracts
- General design guides
- North Carolina Educational Facilities Design
Guide An 80 page PDF document, very useful numbers for space planning
and basic parts and relationships.
- Frugal Construction Standards is
not as good as it's title, but is a useful 30 page PDF document developed
by the State of Florida for school design. Some of the recommendations
don't apply to the Pacific Northwest. Others I simply disagree with.
- Schools as Centers of Community
is an excellent 59 page PDF from the US Dept. of Education. It's an excellent
guide to siting and design of schools with respect to developing strong
communities. The first ten pages describe six basic principles that should
be required reading for all who are designing schools.
other interesting links still being incorporated above:
::::::::::::return to Fred
Tepfer's home page:::::::: return to School Facilities