J385: Communication Law Home Page


Hate Speech

"Hate Speech...consists of written or spoken words that insult and degrade groups identified by race, gender, ethnic group, religion or sexual orientation...Most countries punish hate speech...Whatever the real or imagined harms of hate speech, the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that most expression of bigotry and prejudice is political speech protected by the First Amendment. Only...fighting words are beyond constitutional protection...

Middleton, p. 45-46. (2006)

Fighting Words
R.A. V. v. City of St. Paul
Wisconsin v. Mitchell
UO Conduct Code

Virginia v. Black, 123 S.Ct. 153 (2003)

School of Journalism and Communication