Kido Haori from the series Annual Events of the Edo Theater


 Japanese Color Woodblock Print

Kido Haori 木戸羽織

(Front entrance ticket sellers) 

from the series Annual Events of the Edo Theater

by Adachi Ginkō, 1897

Adachi Ginkō (active 1874-1897)

IHL Cat. #1615

About This Print

This print, part of a series of twenty-five prints (plus a prolog/index print) picturing events in a typical year in an Edo theater, depicts kidoban at the front entrance encouraging passerby to purchase tickets. Sometimes kiboban would imitate actors to entice people to buy tickets.

Kido-ban are theater staffs who line up in front of entrance to tout and sell tickets. They often cover up their head and cheeks by towel and wear long jacket called haori. This haori was prepared by the tachi- oyama, the leading onnagata, and usually his crest appeared on it. The towel and folding fan which were prepared by the zagashira [head of the kabuki troupe], also the top tachiyaku [actor specializing in male roles], and had his crest on it, so everyone can easily know who the troupe leader is.

Source: Heroes of the Kabuki Stage: An Introduction to the World of Kabuki with Retellings of Famous Playsillustrated by Woodblock Prints, Arendie Herwig and Henk J. Herwig, Hotei Publishing, 2004, plate 26, page 37.

"Two front door entertainers (kido geihsa) of the Kawarazaki-za trying to attract passers-by. They are dressed in long trailing feminine attire (ichikake), their heads covered with cotton towels. One of them hands out a wooden entrace ticket (kido fuda) that also serves as voucher for the footwear left at the entrance."

About This Series

Ōedo Shibai Nenjū Gyōji (Annual Events of the Edo Theater) drawn by Adachi Ginko [with two prints, Yomitate (Public Reading) and Saruwaka Kyōgen (IHL Cat. #2015)contributed by Torii Kiyosada (1844-1901)] is a set of twenty-six prints (including an index/prologue page), depicting the manners and customs relating to Kabuki plays/theaters in the Saruwaka-chō, the Kabuki theater district which flourished until 1867, the first year of the Meiji Era. The Ritsumeikan Art Research Center posits that this series was issued in response to the public's "remarkable nostalgia for [the] Edo period, the 'Great Tokugawa Epoch'."  It goes on to say that this series is a continuation of the many earlier Kabuki theater guidebooks which "introduce[d] not only about things on a stage but also properties, organization of theatres and backstage."  

Three Editions
At least three editions of this series were released.  One edition, likely the first edition, contains the publisher's name, Hasegawa Sumi, and associated publishing and printing information along the left margin.  This first edition, with the publishing information, is often found bound into volumes, with the margins of the prints trimmed back. My guess is that these bound volumes were created by the publisher. Another edition, likely a second edition, uses an embossed border around the entire image which is not present on the earlier edition.  Generally these second edition prints have wider margins than the first edition. It is possible that these second edition prints were sold by subscription.  A third edition, which appears to be printed from new blocks, as differences in composition in each print can be seen, is a less elaborate printing than the earlier editions.  Interestingly, this later edition uses the convention called komochiki of a thick notched line and thin black line framing the subjects, a popular Edo textile pattern thought to reflect iki taste (Edo chic).  Use of this type of framing is associated with kōkanfuda, a type of votive offering print.  (See IHL Cat. #1686 A Set of Three Nōsatsu Kōkanfuda - Fūjin the Wind God, Raijin the Thunder God, Calligraphic Cover Sheet for more information about kōkanfuda.)

Summary of Differences Between the Three Editions
1. First edition prints contain the publishing and printing information, including dates, along the left margin.  In the later edition of prints  only the Index/Prologue print contains any publishing information, with the publishing house 長谷川 板 (Hasegawa han), proceeded by the publisher's address embossed in the lower left corner.   No date is given on this print or any other later edition prints.
2. Most first edition prints contain the artist's signature and/or seal.  Later editions do not carry the artist's signature or seal.
3. Second edition prints contain an approximately 1/2" wide embossed border around the entire image area not present on the first edition.
4. Some second edition prints may have had the original blocks reworked.
5. Third edition prints were printed from new blocks and all have a thick notched line and thin black line framing the subjects.

First Edition of This Print
The below first edition print contains the publishing and printing information along the left margin that is absent from this collection's print.

Print Details

 IHL Catalog
 Title or Description Kido Haori   木戸羽織 (Front entrance ticket sellers)
 Series Annual Events of the Edo Theatre
 Ō-Edo shibai nenjū-gyōji 大江戸しばゐねんぢうぎやうじ
 Artist Adachi Ginkō (active 1874 – 1897)
 Signature unsigned
 Seal no seal
 Publication Date originally 1897, April 5 (Meiji 30) note: The original publication date of the first edition is 1897. The publication date of this collection's print, a second edition, is unknown.
 Hasegawa Sumi 長谷川 寿美 [Publisher seal is not present on this print]
 Impression excellent
 Colors excellent
 condition excellent - several small spots of printer's ink
 Genre ukiyo-e; yakusha-e
 Miscellaneous an approximately 1/2" wide embossed pattern surrounds the image area
 Format vertical oban
 H x W Paper 
 15 13/16 x 10 3/4 in. (40.2 x 26.4 cm) 
 H x W Image
 13 11/16 x 9 in. (34.8 x 22.9 cm)
 Heroes of the Kabuki Stage: An Introduction to the World of Kabuki with Retellings of Famous Playsillustrated by Woodblock Prints, Arendie Herwig and Henk J. Herwig, Hotei Publishing, 2004, plate 26, page 37.
 Collections This Print
 British Museum 1983,0523,0.3.21; Waseda University Cultural Resource Database 201-0213 and 201-0700; Museum of Fine Arts Boston RES.53.41National Diet Library 1309621; Edo-Tokyo Museum (Tokyo Digital Museum 91970062); Tokyo Metropolitan Library 577-010-21ア; Ritsumeikan Art Research Center AcNo. arcUP2060  CoGNo. arcUP2039  AlGNo. arcUP2039
last revision: