Earthquake Hazards Group @ UO

A seismology group at UO. We study a variety of things relating to seismic hazard. Some work focuses on source characterization, to image faults and understand the hazards they pose. Other work estimating ground-motion, from statistical models to numerical simulations - for constraining seismic hazard, as well as learning more about earthquake source processes.

People

Current members

Valerie Sahakian

Assistant Professor

Oluwaseun Fadugba

Postdoctoral Scholar

Tara Nye

Ph.D. Candidate

Roey Shimony

Ph.D. Student

Marcus Chaknova

Senior Undergraduate, Marine Biology Major

Andrew Sparks

Sophomore Undergraduate, Geophysics Major

Alumni

Alexis Klimasewski

M.S. 2020, now Data Scientist at Agrograph

Elias King

SCEC SURE intern, now UO Physics M.S. student

Michael Carlsen

Senior Undergraduate, Physics Major

Research

Some Past and Present Projects

Site Characterization

Improving our understanding of how characteristics of the near-surface affect ground-motions using the parameter kappa.

Ground-Motions of Tsunami Earthquakes

This work uses ground-motion models in conjunction with near-field seismic and GPS data to study the rupture of tsunami earthquakes.

Crustal Properties and Ground-Motions

How do crustal properties affect shaking, and how can we include that in ground-motion models to reduce uncertainty in seismic hazard? This includes empirical work, as well as numerical simulations.

Faulting in Southern California

Using traditional marine imaging methods to determine where deformation is happening near the Imperial Fault.

Offshore Hazards

Learning about seismic hazard and offshore faults in Southern California with marine active-source imaging data.

Publications

PDFs linked if published.

  1. T. Nye, V.J. Sahakian, E.King, A.S. Baltay., A.R. Klimasewski (in review). Estimates of κ0 and effects on ground motions in the San Francisco Bay Area, Bull. Seis. Soc. of Am.
  2. V.J. Sahakian, B.J. Derosier, T.K. Rockwell, J.M. Stock (2022). Shallow Distributed Faulting in the Imperial Valley, Geology, doi:0.1130/G49572.1
  3. D. Melgar, V.J. Sahakian, A.M. Thomas (2022). Deep Coseismic Slip in the Cascadia Megathrust can be Consistent with Coastal Subsidence, Geophys. Res. Let., 49, e2021GL097404, doi:10.1029/2021GL097404
  4. E.A. Wirth, V.J. Sahakian, L.M. Wallace, D. Melnick (2022). The occurrence and hazards of great subduction zone earthquakes, Nat. Rev. Earth Environ., doi:10.1038/s43017-021-00245-w
  5. G.E. Goldberg, D. Melgar, G.P. Hayes, B.W. Crowell, V.J. Sahakian (2021). A Ground-Motion Model for GNSS Peak Ground Displacement, Bull. Seis. Soc. of Am., 111(5), 2393-2407, doi:10.1785/0120210042
  6. J. Mayer, V.J. Sahakian, E. Hooft, D. Toomey, R. Durairajan (2021). On the Resilience of Internet Infrastructures in the Pacific Northwest to Earthquakes Passive and Active Measurement Conference 2021,44, doi:10.1785/0120200200
  7. A.R. Klimasewski, V.J. Sahakian, A.M. Thomas (2021). Comparing performance of artificial neural networks with traditional ground-motion models for small-magnitude earthquakes in Southern California Bull. Seis. Soc. of Am., 111(3), 1577-1589, doi:10.1785/0120200200
  8. M.A.L. Walton, L.Staisch, T. Dura, J.K. Pearl, B. Sherrod, J. Gomberg, S. Engelhart, A. Tréhu, J. Watt, J. Perkins, R. Witter, N. Bartlow, C. Goldfinger, H. Kelsey, A. Morey, V.J. Sahakian, H. Tobin, K. Wang, R. Wells, E. Wirth (2021). Toward an integrative geological and geophysical view of Cascadia subduction zone earthquakes, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, doi:10.1146/annurev-earth-071620-065605.
  9. D.E. Goldberg, D. Melgar, V.J. Sahakian, A.M. Thomas, X. Xu, B.W. Crowell, J. Geng, (2020) Complex Rupture of an Immature Fault Zone: A Simultaneous Kinematic Model of the 2019 Ridgecrest, CA Earthquakes, 47(3), Geophys. Res. Let., doi:10.1029/2019GL086382
  10. V. J. Sahakian, D. Melgar, M. Muzli (2019). Weak Near-Field Behavior of a Tsunami Earthquake, Geophys. Res. Let., doi:10/1029/2019GL083989
  11. A.R. Klimasewski, V.J. Sahakian, A.Baltay, J. Boatwright, J.B. Fletcher, L.M. Baker (2019). Full site spectra in Southern California from direct Brune-constrained inversion, Bull. Seis. Soc. of Am., 109(\textbf{5}), 1878-1889, doi:10.1785/0120190037
  12. V. J. Sahakian, A. Baltay, T. Hanks, J. S. Buehler, F.L. Vernon, D. Kilb., N. Abrahamson (2019). Ground-Motion Residuals, Path Effects, and Crustal Properties: A Pilot Study in Southern California, J. Geophys. Res., Solid Earth, doi: 10.1029/2018JB016796
  13. V. J. Sahakian, D. Melgar, L. Quíntanar, L. Ramírez-Guzman, X. Pérez-Campos, A. Baltay (2018). Ground Motions from the September 7th and 19th 2017 Tehuantepec and Puebla-Morelos, Mexico Earthquakes, Bull. of the Seis. Soc. of Am., 108(6), 3300-3312, doi: 10.1785/0120180108
  14. M. Çelebi, V. J. Sahakian, D. Melgar, L. Quíntanar (2018). The M7.1 September 19, 2017 Puebla-Mexico City Earthquake: Spectral Ratios Confirm Mexico City Zoning, Bull. of the Seis. Soc. of Am., 108(6), 3289-3299, doi:10.1785/0120180100
  15. V. Sahakian , A. Baltay, T.H. Hanks, J.S. Buehler, F.L. Vernon, D. Kilb, N. Abrahamson (2018) Decomposing Leftovers: Event, Path, and Site Residuals from an ANZA-Region Small-Magnitude GMPE, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 108(5A), 2478-2492, doi:10.1785/0120170376
  16. V. Sahakian, J. Bormann, N. Driscoll, A. Harding, G. Kent, S. Wesnousky (2017). Seismic Constraints on the Architecture of the Newport Inglewood Rose Canyon Fault: Implications for the Length and Magnitude of Future Earthquake Ruptures, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JB013467
  17. V. Sahakian, A. Kell, A. Harding, N. Driscoll, G. Kent (2016). Geophysical evidence for a San Andreas subparallel transtensional fault along the north eastern shore of the Salton Sea, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 106(5), doi:10.1785/0120150350}.
  18. E. Lindsey, V. J. Sahakian, Y. Fialko, Y. Bock, S. Barbot, T. Rockwell (2014). Interseismic strain localization in the San Jacinto fault zone, Pure Appl. Geophys. doi:10.1007/s00024-013-0753-z.

Opportunities

I am often looking for students or postdocs to join the lab - contact me!

If you are a UO undergrad interested in working with me for an independent study, send me an email and let's talk! If you are a prospective graduate student or postdoc, I'd love to hear from you - please send me an email with your CV, and research topics or ideas you are interested in working on.

Prospective grads can find more information about the application process here.

*Please Note: I am likely not accepting new graduate students for next year (2020-2021, applications due 2019).

Why Oregon?

Eugene, Oregon is a beautiful place to work and live. The University is less than an hour east of the coast with great surfing, and less than an hour west of the Cascades (easy access to skiing in the winter!). There are trails outside our front door. The University of Oregon Earth Sciences Department is growing in seismology and Geophysics . We have well-attended weekly volcanology and seismology seminars in addition to the departmental seminar, and the size and diversity of our department provides lots of opportunities for interaction, as well as studying hazards in your backyard.

Contact

Valerie Sahakian
Cascade Hall
University of Oregon
Eugene, OR 97403