Leif Karlstrom


I work on problems in volcanology, petrology, geodynamics, glaciology, and geomorphology. Active projects include the eruption cycle, melt focusing and crustal thickening in arcs, the Columbia River Flood Basalts, landscape evolution in volcanic environments, supraglacial hydrology, unsteady behavior in volcanic eruptions, and the interpretation of volcanic seismicity.

My research involves a combination of theoretical and numerical models, field measurements, and laboratory experiments. My CV is here

People Behind the Science interview about my research and life in science and music (so far).

Popular Press/not Peer-reviewed

1. Karlstrom, L. and J. S. Byrnes (2018), "More bad news for dinosaurs: Chicxulub meteorite impact triggered global volcanic eruptions on the ocean floor," WEBLINK

Peer-reviewed Papers (Google Scholar profile):

In review/In revision:

  1. Bindeman, I.N., Greber, N.D., Melnik O.E., Artyomova A.S., Karlstrom L. "Pervasive Hydrothermal Events Associated with Large Igneous Provinces Documented by the Columbia River Basaltic Dikes"

  2. Lerner, A.H., D. O'Hara, L. Karlstrom, S.K. Ebmeier, K.R. Anderson, S. Hurwitz (2019), "The prevalence and significance of offset magma reservoirs at arc volcanoes"

  3. O'Hara, D., L. Karlstrom, D. W. Ramsey (2019), "Time-evolving surface and subsurface signatures of Quaternary volcanism in the Cascades Arc"

  4. Wu, S.-M., Lin, F.-C., Farrell, J., Shiro, B., Karlstrom, L., Okubo, P. (2019), "Spatiotemporal Seismic Structure Variations Associated with the 2018 Kilauea Eruption based on Temporary Dense Geophone Arrays"

Accepted/In print:

  1. Morriss, M.C., L. Karlstrom, M. Nasholds, J. Wolff, (2020) "The Chief Joseph Dike Swarm of the Columbia River Flood Basalts, and the Legacy Dataset of William H. Taubeneck", accepted at Geosphere.

  2. Liang, C., J. Crozier, L. Karlstrom, and E. M. Dunham (2020) "Magma oscillations in a conduit-reservoir system, application to very long period (VLP) seismicity at basaltic volcanoes--Part II: Data inversion and interpretation at Kilauea Volcano", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125, e2019JB01745. pdf

  3. Liang, C., L. Karlstrom, and E. M. Dunham (2020) "Magma oscillations in a conduit-reservoir system, application to very long period (VLP) seismicity at basaltic volcanoes--Part I: Theory", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125, e2019JB01743. pdf

  4. Bodmer, M., D.R. Toomey, J.J. Roering, L. Karlstrom, (2020) "Asthenospheric buoyancy and the origin of high-relief topography along the Cascadia forearc" Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 531, 115965. pdf

  5. Karlstrom, L., K. E. Murray, and P. W. Reiners (2019) "Bayesian Markov-Chain Monte Carlo inversion of low-temperature thermochronology around two 8-10 m wide Columbia River Flood Basalt dikes", Frontiers in Earth Science, 7, 90, doi: 10.3389/feart.2019.00090. pdf

  6. Richardson, P. R. and L. Karlstrom (2019) "The multi-scale influence of topography on lava flow morphology." Bulletin of Volcanology, 81,21. pdf

  7. O'Hara, D., L. Karlstrom, and J. J. Roering (2019) "Distributed landscape response to localized uplift and the fragility of steady states." Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 506, 243-254. pdf

  8. Yang, K, L. C., Smith, L Karlstrom, M. C. Cooper, M. Tedesco, D. van As, X. Cheng, Z. Chen, M. Li (2018) “A new surface meltwater routing model for use on the Greenland Ice Sheet surface.” The Cryosphere, 12, 3791-3811. pdf

  9. Perry-Houts, J. and L. Karlstrom (2018) "Anisotropic viscosity and time-evolving lithospheric instabilities due to aligned igneous intrusions." Geophysical Journal International, https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggy466. pdf

  10. Crozier, J., L. Karlstrom, and K. Yang (2018) "Basal control of supraglacial meltwater catchments on the Greenland Ice Sheet," The Cryosphere, 12, 3383-3407. pdf

  11. Karlstrom, L., P. R. Richardson, D. O'Hara, and S. K. Ebmeier (2018), "Magmatic landscape construction", Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, v. 123, https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JF004369, pdf

  12. Byrnes, J. and L. Karlstrom (2018), "Anomalous K-Pg–aged seafloor attributed to impact-induced mid-ocean ridge magmatism", Science Advances, v.4, no. 2, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aao2994, pdf, Los Angeles Times article, AAAS art department animation

  13. Karlstrom, L., S. R. Paterson, and A. M. Jellinek, (2017) "A reverse energy cascade for crustal magma transport", Nature Geoscience, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2982. pdf, University of Oregon Press Release

  14. Bletery, Q., Thomas, A. M., Rempel, A. W., Karlstrom, L., Sladen, A., De Barros, L., (2016) "Mega-Earthquakes rupture flat megathrusts", Science, 354, 6315, 1027-1031. pdf

  15. Gill, Y., C. David, I. Demir, B. T. Essawy, R. W. Fulweiler, J. L. Goodall, L. Karlstrom, H. Lee, H. J. Mills, J-H. Oh, S. Pierce, A. Pope, M . W. Tzeng, S. R. Villamizar, X. Yu., (2016) "Towards the Geoscience paper of the future: Best practices for documenting and sharing research from data to software to provenance" Earth and Space Science, 3. pdf

  16. Yang, K., Karlstrom, L., Smith, L. C., and Li, M., (2016) "Automatic High Resolution Satellite Image Registration Using Supraglacial Rivers on the Greenland Ice Sheet." IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing. pdf

  17. Karlstrom, L. and E. M. Dunham (2016), "Excitation and resonance of acoustic-gravity waves in a column of stratified, bubbly magma", Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 797, 431-470, doi:10.1017/jfm.2016.257 pdf

  18. Karlstrom, L. and K. Yang (2016 ), " Fluvial supraglacial landscape evolution on the Greenland Ice Sheet," Geophysical Research Letters 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL067697. pdf, American Geophysical Union press release

  19. Karlstrom, L., H. M. Wright and C. R. Bacon (2015), "The effect of pressurized magma chamber growth on melt migration and pre-caldera vent locations through time at Mount Mazama, Crater Lake, Oregon," Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 412, 209-219. pdf

  20. Richards, M.A., W. Alvarez, S. Self, L. Karlstrom, P.R. Renne, M. Manga, C.J. Sprain, J. Smit, L. Vanderkluysen, S. M. Gibson (2015), "Triggering of the largest Deccan eruptions by the Chicxulub impact", GSA Bulletin, doi:10.1130/B31167.1. pdf

  21. Karlstrom, L., C.-T.A. Lee and M. Manga, (2014) "The role of magmatic crustal thickening on arc front migration", Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15, 2655-2675. pdf

  22. Jutzeler, M., R. Marsh, R.J. Carey, J.D.L. White, P.J. Talling and L. Karlstrom, (2014) "On the fate of pumice rafts formed during the 2012 Havre submarine eruption", Nature Communications, 5:3660.

  23. Karlstrom, L., A. Zok and M. Manga, (2014) "Near-surface permeability in a supraglacial drainage basin on the Llewellyn glacier, Juneau Ice Field, British Columbia," The Cryosphere, 8, 2, 537-546. pdf

  24. Vandemeulebrouck, J., R. A. Sohn, M. L. Rudolph, S. Hurwitz, M. Manga, M. J. S. Johnston, S. A. Soule, D. McPhee, J. M. G. Glen, L. Karlstrom, F. Murphy (2014), "Eruptions at Lone Star Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, USA, Part 2: Constraints on Subsurface Dynamics," Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, DOI: 10.1002/2014JB011526.

  25. Karlstrom, L., P. Gajjar and M. Manga (2013), "Meander formation in supraglacial streams," Journal of Geophysical Research Earth Surface, 118, F20135. pdf

  26. Karlstrom, L., S. Hurwitz, R. A. Sohn, J. Vandemeulebrouck, F. Murphy, M. L. Rudolph, M. J. S. Johnston, M. Manga, and R.B. Mcleskey (2013), "Eruptions at Lone Star Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, USA, Part 1: Energetics and Eruption Dynamics", Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 118, B50251. pdf, Physics Today press

  27. Rudolph, M.L., M. Manga, S. Hurwitz, M. Johnston, L. Karlstrom, and C.-Y. Wang (2012), "Mechanics of Old Faithful Geyser, Calistoga, California," Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L24308.

  28. Karlstrom, L., M. L. Rudolph and M. Manga (2012), "Caldera size modulated by the yield stress in a crystal-rich magma reservoir," Nature Geoscience, 5, 6, 402-405. pdf

  29. Karlstrom, L. and M. A. Richards (2011), "On the evolution of large ultramafic magma chambers and timescales for flood basalt eruptions," Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 116, B08216. pdf

  30. Rudolph, M. L., L. Karlstrom and M. Manga (2011), "A prediction of the longevity of the Lusi mud volcano, Indonesia" Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 308, 124-130. pdf

  31. Karlstrom, L., J. Dufek and M. Manga (2010), "Magma chamber stability in arc and continental crust," Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 190, 249-270. pdf

  32. Karlstrom, L., J. Dufek and M. Manga (2009), "Organization of volcanic plumbing through magmatic lensing by magma chambers and volcanic loads," Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 114, B10204. pdf

  33. Karlstrom, L. and M. Manga (2006), "Origins and implications of zigzag rift patterns on lava lakes," Journal of Volcanolgy and Geothermal Research, 154, 317-324. pdf

Book Chapters

  1. Dufek, J., C. Huber and L. Karlstrom (2012), "Magma chamber dynamics and thermodynamics," Chapter in book 'The Mathematics and Physics of Volcanism,' edited by S.A. Fagents, T.K.P. Gregg, and R.C. Lopez, Cambridge University Press.