University of Oregon

Department of Human Physiology Graduate Studies in Athletic Training and Sports Medicine

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Literature Review: Effects of Stretching on Performance

Chris Poskey ATC

Stretching is commonly prescribed as part of an exercise program that is given to elite athletes, active individuals, and those people who need to improve their fitness.  Many people who currently use a stretching protocol are likely unaware of the full effects which it has on the body, other than that it helps to increase range of motion. There are five types of stretching which are generally prescribed in clinical settings or as part of a warm up: static, ballistic, active, passive, or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching (PNF). This review will focus on the effects static stretching has on performance.  Throughout this review light will be shed on the influence that acute and chronic stretching may have on the body, including the impact of stretching on athletes competing in athletic events